Global Policy Forum

UN Documents on Security Council Reform


UN Documents

2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2002


Small Five Tabled Resolution on Security Council Working Methods (April 2011)

The Small Five (S5) introduced a new resolution aimed at reforming Security Council working methods. It is an updated version of the draft resolution from 2005. (Permanenet Mission of Switzerland to the UN)

Letter from Ambassador Tanin including the Revised Text on Security Council Reform (February 23, 2011)

Ambassador Tanin presents the most up to date revisions on the working paper for Security Council reform. It includes the incorporated changes proposed by member-states up to the deadline of February 15, 2011. (Center for UN Reform Education)


Letter From the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (November 29, 2010)

This letter from Ambassador Tanin gives an update on the status of the text based negotiation on Security Council reform. (United Nations)

Letter from the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (May 26, 2010)

This letter from Ambassador Tanin gives an overview for the next round of negotiations on Council reform and provides the revised text based on member state input on the original text. (United Nations)

Letter and Text from the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (May 10, 2010)

The letter explains the included text, which was constructed based on input submitted by member states, and that the process of Council reform will continue based upon this text. (United Nations)

Letter from the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (March 11, 2010)

This letter from Ambassador Tanin states that he has received opinions from a large number of member states on Security Council reform and is willing to continue meeting with them while preparing the negotiating text. (United Nations)

Letter from the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (February 5, 2010)

This letter describes that the next step in the process is transparent text based negotiations. Included with the letter are the texts available on positions and proposals for Council reform. Ambassador Tanin also invites that all member states to submit proposals by writing to be used for the negotiation text. (United Nations)

Letter from the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (January 13, 2010)

Following the first round of talks in the intergovernmental negotiations, this letter summarizes the progress made and the intent of a second round of talks focusing on convergences. It also includes the letter signed by 138 member states to demonstrate their “active and constructive engagements with the process.” (Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to the United Nations)


Letter From the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (November 16, 2009)

This letter from Afghan Ambassador Zahir Tanin explains that the fourth round of negotiations on Security Council reform will focus on positions and proposals “on the table” in December 2009. (Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to the United Nations)

Press Conference by General Assembly Facilitator on Security Council Reform (July 20, 2009)

A third round of negotiations on Security Council reform is scheduled to begin on August 27, 2009. Zahir Tanin, the ambassador of Afghanistan and facilitator of the negotiations, has presented an overview. He announced that there is a consensus among all states on continuing the process. Tanin said that he saw "a light at the end of tunnel" after the first two sessions, but "there is a long way to go." (United Nations)

Overview of the first round of Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform, presented by Ambassador Zahir Tanin of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (May 18, 2009)


Report of the Facilitators for Security Council Reform to the General Assembly (June 26, 2007)

In their report to the President of the General Assembly, the facilitators, Ambassadors Heraldo Muñoz of Chile and Christian Wenaweser of Liechtenstein, propose a temporary approach to expedite Security Council reform. This transition period should include a new category of membership with longer-term seats, either renewable or not. The agreement would include a mandatory review in a set number of years. The facilitators do not recommend how many new seats should be added, nor how long the transitional phase should last, but insist that the process move from consultations to concrete intergovernmental negotiations.

Report of the Facilitators for Security Council Reform to the General Assembly (April 19, 2007)

The ambassadors of Tunisia, Cyprus, Croatia, Chile and the Netherlands facilitated a UN General Assembly report on Security Council reform. The report proposes temporarily expanding Security Council membership as part of a transitional approach to reform. Making available more Security Council seats would increase countries' chances of achieving Security Council membership.


Note by the President of the Security Council (July 19, 2006)

In a significant move, the Security Council adopted a note by the President, attempting to clarify its procedures and practice. Following months of work by the Council's Informal Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Matters, the note codifies the terminology used in different Council sessions (including Arria Formula meetings with NGOs); lists steps at making the Council's work more transparent; and aims at improving the flow of information from the Council. The note picks up some proposals made by Costa Rica, Jordan, Liechtenstein, Singapore and Switzerland, who introduced a draft resolution calling for greater transparency in the Council's work in March 2006.

Draft Resolution on Reforming the Working Methods of the Security Council (March 20, 2006)

Switzerland together with Singapore, Jordan, Costa Rica and Liechtenstein tabled a draft resolution in the General Assembly (GA) proposing 19 measures to improve the working methods of the Security Council. Acknowledging that the Security Council is the master of its own procedures, the initiative serves as an invitation by the GA to the Security Council to open a dialogue with all UN member states. This is a revised version of the resolution put forward by group in November 2005 after consulting with other governments about the document.


Small Five Draft Resolution (November 10, 2005)

This is the draft resolution proposal put forward by the S5 that emphasizes working methods reform.

Tabled Uniting for Consensus Draft Resolution on Security Council Reform (July 21, 2005)

In response to draft resolutions tabled by the G-4 and the African Union, Uniting for Consensus has tabled its alternative proposal. The draft resolution proposes adding 10 non-permanent members immediately eligible for re-election to the Security Council, leaving formalities of re-election and rotation to regional groups.

Tabled African Union Draft Resolution on Security Council Reform (July 14, 2005)

Also responding to the G-4 resolution, the African Union has tabled its proposal calling for 11 additional members on the Security Council, with Africa gaining two permanent seats and five non-permanent seats. The AU also recommends that new permanent members gain all existing privileges including veto power.

Tabled G-4 Draft Resolution on Security Council Reform (July 6, 2005)

Brazil, Germany, India and Japan have tabled their draft "framework" resolution calling for Security Council enlargement to 25 members, including six additional permanent seats. In a desperate attempt to secure permanent membership, the Group of Four (G-4) had accepted to forego their right of veto for at least 15 years. The less contentious proposals on the Council's working methods have more of a chance to succeed than membership expansion plans. Also see previous versions of June 8 and May 13 .

China: UN Council Resolution Dangerous (June 1, 2005)

In June 2005, Brazil, Germany, India and China (the "G4") will ask the General Assembly (GA) to vote on a draft resolution, which calls for Security Council expansion and gives the G4 permanent membership. The resolution meets strong opposition from China, which called it "dangerous" and has "hinted it would use its veto." According to Chinese UN Ambassador Wang Guangya, this resolution will "split UN membership" and prevent member states from discussing other UN reform issues. Nevertheless, China has indicated that if the GA and the other Security Council permanent members accept the G4 proposal, Beijing "would take into account the feelings of others." (Associated Press)

Excerpt of Kofi Annan's Report on UN Reform: In Larger Freedom (March 21, 2005)

In his report on UN reform, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan only touches very briefly upon Security Council reform, and does not recommend specific action on this vital aspect of UN reform. Annan urges member states to consider both models A and B, as outlined by the High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, and calls on states to reach a decision on Security Council enlargement before the summit in September 2005. (United Nations)


Excerpt of the High Level Panel's Report on Threats, Challenges and Change (December 2004)

Among broad recommendations for reform of the UN, this excerpt of the High Level Panel's Report focuses specifically on Security Council reform. In order to increase the Council's effectiveness and credibility and "enhance its capacity to act in the face of threats," the Panel puts forward two options for expansion without veto powers. Model A foresees enlargement with both permanent and elected members, whereas model B proposes enlarging the Council with only temporary elected members. The Panel also recommends the introduction of a system of "indicative voting" and encourages an increase in the Council's transparency and accountability. (United Nations)


Procedural Developments in the Security Council - 2001 (June 6, 2002)

This UN Secretariat report shows developments in the procedures and working methods that the Security Council has undertaken in 2001 to promote transparency, openness and efficiency. The document provides interesting data on the work of the Council.

FAIR USE NOTICE: This page contains copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Global Policy Forum distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in 17 U.S.C § 107. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.