Global Policy Forum

Iraqis Oppose Oil Development Plans, Poll Finds

Oil Change International, Institute for Policy Studies, War on Want,
PLATFORM and Global Policy Forum
August 6, 2007

Iraqis oppose plans to open the country's oilfields to foreign investment by a factor of two to one, according to a poll released today. Iraqis are united in this view: there are no ethnic, sectarian or geographical groups that prefer foreign companies. The poll also finds that most Iraqis feel kept in the dark about the oil plans – with fewer than a quarter feeling adequately informed about a proposed new law to govern Iraq's oil sector.

This poll is the first time ordinary Iraqis have been asked their views on the contents of the oil law, which has been debated by Iraqi political parties for over a year. The US government is pressing Baghdad to pass the oil law by September, as one of its "benchmarks". [1] At the centre of the oil law is a proposal to give multinational oil companies such as Conoco, Chevron and Exxon the primary role in developing Iraq's oilfields, under contracts of up to 30 years. Yet 63% of poll respondents said they would prefer Iraq's oil to be developed and produced by Iraqi public sector companies rather than foreign companies, with 32% of those indicating a strong preference. Only 10% strongly preferred foreign companies, and 21% moderately. Only 4% of Iraqis feel they have been given ‘totally adequate' information for them to feel informed about the oil law. A further 20% describe information provision as ‘somewhat adequate', and 76% as inadequate.

According to the analytical report, by Custom Strategic Research [2]:

"The lack of credible information on the content and consequences of the draft Oil Law and on the debate surrounding the future of Iraq's oil resources is likely to undercut the legitimacy of both the process and any law that it ultimately produces" and

"Any law that appears to favor foreign companies at the expense of indigenous firms is likely to meet with significant resistance on the Iraqi street."

The lack of information is especially significant, given that those most informed about the oil law plans are the strongest opponents. Last month, more than 100 of Iraq's most senior oil experts wrote to the parliament, calling for changes to the oil law. Meanwhile, workers in the oil sector have been consistently critical of the law. [3]

"The Bush Administration and Congress need to recognize that virtually all sectors of Iraqi society are opposed to the proposed oil law, and immediately cease pressure on the Iraqi government to pass it. Passage of the current draft law will only serve to fuel strong suspicions that access to and control of Iraqi oil was the reason for the war and the occupation" said Steve Kretzmann, Executive Director of Oil Change International.

The survey was commissioned by a group of development and human rights organisations, including Oil Change International, the Institute for Policy Studies, War on Want and PLATFORM. [4]

While critics suspect the USA's real motivation is the contracts for American and international companies, US officials have stated that they see the law as a reconciliation measure, designed to unite Iraq's ethnic and sectarian groups in a common vision of how to develop their oil. Ironically, the law has indeed united Iraqis – in opposition to the privatization proposals.

The poll was carried out in June and July by KA Research, and coordinated and analysed by Custom Strategic Research. It was based on face-to-face interviews with 2,200 Iraqis in all 18 provinces.

For more information:
Trina Zahller, Oil Change International, 202 518-9029 or 202 744-8578 (mobile)
Antonia Juhasz, Oil Change International, 415-846-5447 (mobile)
Erik Leaver, Institute for Policy Studies – 240-535-8725 (mobile)
Greg Muttitt, PLATFORM (London), 011-44-797-058-9611 (mobile)

Notes for editors

1: In President Bush's new strategy, announced in January 2007, he set a number of political benchmarks, to be achieved by the Iraqi government, in parallel to the surge in US troops. Progress on these benchmarks will be reported to the US Congress in mid-September. US officials have strongly emphasised the oil law benchmark, on repeated visits to Baghdad – including Vice President Dick Cheney, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and head of Central Command Admiral William Fallon.

2: The poll results and analysis are available on an unlinked webpage, at:

(This will only become available to the public (non-journalists) after the embargo date.)

3: The experts – all with many decades of experience in the Iraqi oil sector, and including four former ministers – have criticised the rushing of the oil law. They have called for the law to be delayed until after the review of the constitution; they state that now is not the time to sign long-term contracts, due to the security situation; they insist that (contrary to the law) any contracts should be reviewed by the parliament; and they warn that the law may create a fragmented and ineffective oil industry.

There are actually four "oil laws" in various stages of debate and preparation in Iraq. The first, which is commonly known as "the oil law" is actually a law that primarily serves to open Iraq to foreign investment in the oil sector. It has passed the Cabinet, and is before the Parliament, although is currently reportedly stalled. The second law, a revenue sharing law, has not yet passed the Iraqi Cabinet or been presented to Parliament. The third and fourth laws address the operations of the Ministry of Oil and the Iraqi National Oil Company. Neither of these final two appear to have even been drafted yet.

The Iraq Federation of Oil Unions represents 26,000 workers in the oil sector: more than half of the workforce in the southern four provinces of Iraq. They have consistently criticised the oil law for handing control to foreign companies, and undermining Iraq's sovereignty.

Statements by both are available on the unlinked webpage:

4: The poll was sponsored by a coalition of NGOs in the USA and the UK. In the USA, Oil Change International, the Institute for Policy Studies, and Global Policy Forum. In the UK, PLATFORM, Iraq Occupation Focus, Jubilee Iraq, War on Want and Voices.

More Information on Iraq
More Information on Iraqi Public Opinion Polls and the Occupation
More Information on Oil in Iraq


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