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Archived Articles on General Analysis on Gender and Inequality


General Analysis on Gender and Inequality


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Key Documents

Women as Consumers and Producers in the World Market (Fall 1995)

Analysis of how globilization exacerbates the exploitation women in developing nations. Although this article was written in 1995, it still holds tremendous insight and current relevance.

Engendering Change: The Long, Slow Road to Organizing Women Maquiladora Workers (June 26, 1999)

This excellent article by Corporate Watchexamines the origin of export-processing zones, the health risks, severely low pay and sexual discrimination faced by female Maquiladora workers, and the obstacles to change.


Violence Makes Women and Girls More Vulnerable to HIV/AIDS: WHO (December 1, 2004)

The World Health Organization warns that violence against women severely affects the spread of HIV/AIDS. Therefore, action against the abuse of women must form an integral part of the global response to HIV/AIDS, states the organization. Unless governments, organizations and donors highlight the importance of women's protection, contamination prevention and treatment, the disease will remain a global threat. (YouandAIDS)

UN Faulted for Failing to Curb Gender Violence (October 28, 2004)

In spite of the Security Council's adoption of a resolution on women, peace and security in 2004, a disproportionate share of women still fall victim to conflict and post-conflict situations. The United Nations admits its "collective failure" to curb spiraling violence against women and partly attributes this failure to the lack of women participating in UN peacekeeping missions and the absence of women in post-conflict peace talks. (Inter Press Service)

Women Still Face Obstacles in Reaching Senior Staff Positions at UN (October 21, 2004)

A report by Secretary General Kofi Annan on gender equality in United Nations staffing reveals uneven progress in women's representation on all levels. In June 2004, women formed 83.3 percent of staff at the lowest professional level but only 16.7 percent of the highest staff level. The report cites bias among hiring managers as a cause for unequal gender division. (UN News)

When He Eats Little, She Eats Less (September 24, 2004)

In this Guardian article, economist Noreena Hertz shows how IMF and World Bank policies disproportionately hurt women. These institutions impose stringent loan conditions such as privatization and limited public expenditure. Hertz points out how falling public investments in water and sanitation force women to walk long distances for water and risk their personal safety. Also, in order to repay their vast debts, poor countries export cash crops, leading to scarcity of essential foodstuffs domestically. Women then sacrifice their own food intake in order to feed their families. According to Hertz, "debt is a feminist issue."

Interview with Female Opium Farmer (September 9, 2004)

Poppy cultivation remains one of the most profitable sources of income for poor female farmers in Afghanistan. Its growing requires small land and water resources and in absence of an alternative livelihood and work, women see the cultivation of the illegal crop as the sole possibility of survival. (Integrated Regional Information Networks)

UN Cites Gains for Women Worldwide, but Health Issues Linger (September 1, 2004)

Poverty in its many dimensions, affects women to a greater extent than men. Even though poor nations have made an effort to improve women's situation, the newest report from the United Nations Population Fund asserts that countries have made little progress in goals set 10 years ago at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. (New York Times)

Gender Perspective Essential to Fighting Poverty (August 10, 2004)

The UN's Gender Poverty and Employment Program and the International Labor Organization are pushing for the incorporation of gender in future development initiatives. The organizations explain that "gender neutral" proposals ignore women's concerns, and therefore must be replaced by gender sensitive options. (Inter Press Service)

Rape as a Weapon of War: Sexual Violence and Its Consequences (July 2004)

Amnesty International documents human rights violations, including rape, abduction, and sexual slavery, that target the women of Darfur. The report demonstrates that the Janjawid militias rape women as part of a systematic campaign to drive black Africans from the region.

Betraying Iraqi Women (July 16, 2004)

Though the Bush administration claimed the Iraq war would liberate women, US policy "systematically ignores Iraqi women's needs, terrorizes their lives and shows an extraordinary degree of misogynistic hubris." As a result, women continue to suffer disproportionately and are persistently underrepresented in policy-making and reconstruction efforts. (Tom Paine)

Arab Women Savor Patches of Political Progress (July 15, 2004)

Female politicians, ministers and community leaders from Arab nations met to discuss women's roles and rights in their countries, to begin preparations for a UN report on such issues. Though many critical advances were noted and celebrated, they exist only "because there was so much room to improve." (WeNews)

Peace Process Often Ignores Female Ex-Soldiers (June 29, 2004)

Women make up between 20 and 50 percent of the "active combatants in wars around the world." Though they face different challenges than men--including exclusion by their families and sexually transmitted diseases as a result of rape--their needs are often overlooked by programs for former soldiers. (WeNews)

Companies with More Females at the Top Perform Much Better (June 24, 2004)

"High hopes are pinned on the power of women" in development initiatives around the world. Female borrowers tend to repay loans and spend profits on family needs more consistently than men. For these reasons, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, UNESCO, and many NGOs are focusing on women's education and empowerment as central to development work. (World Bank Press)

'Pro-Life' Pressure Fails to Thwart 'Sexual Rights' in Latin America (June 16, 2004)

The Bush administration unabashedly condemns abortion, and refuses to fund international organizations that provide or even discuss the procedure. Further, the administration lobbies for "pro-life" terminology and minimal reference to family planning methods, other than abstinence. At the Ninth Regional Conference on Women in Latin America, US officials attempted to force resolutions to fit this standard, but a majority of local officials rejected their efforts and passed a progressive set of new policies. (Push Journal)

In a Rare Public Dialogue, Saudi Women Talk Rights (June 14, 2004)

"Rights are not given, they're taken." Though gender inequality is the norm in Saudi Arabia, where women are prohibited from traveling, driving or marrying without a male guardian's approval, a movement to address women's rights is gaining momentum from local celebrities and a landmark, government-sponsored conference on women's issues. (Christian Science Monitor)

CAFTA: A Topic for Women (June 13, 2004)

"All trade agreements negotiated by the Bush administration have ignored the internationally recognized right to nondiscrimination in the workplace" and have failed to protect labor rights. Such injustices are increasingly relevant for female employees, who are consistently subjected to gender discrimination. Without additional modifications, CAFTA will further entrench this precedent of ignoring human rights in trade agreements. (Human Rights Watch)

Women, Just Trade, and the Central America Free Trade Agreement (May 2004)

The Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is yet another example of a trade agreement that will fail to bring any prosperity to people living in poverty. This article focuses on the gender impacts of CAFTA. (Center of Concern)

Amnesty Denounces Peacekeepers over Kosovo Sex Slavery (May 7, 2004)

Human rights organization Amnesty International has accused the 40,000 international peacekeepers from NATO and the UN, working in the Balkans, for bolstering the sex slave industry in the region. Amnesty claims that crime lords herd hundreds of women and girls as young as 11 around the region, treating them as sex slaves, and as their own property. (Independent)

Turkmenistan: International Gender Conference Underway (April 23, 2004)

The International Organization for Migration, UNICEF, and the Ministry of Justice in Turkmenistan organized a conference on the protection of rights of women and children. The conference developed initiatives to improve the protection of women and children's rights, including those that work to prevent human trafficking. (Integrated Regional Information Networks)

Dominican Republic: US Trade Pact Fails Pregnant Women - CAFTA Fails to Protect Against Rampant Job Discrimination (April 22, 2004)

Pregnant women, who work in the Dominican Republic's export-processing sector, face dismissal and major difficulties when attempting to find work afterward childbirth. The proposed US-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) ignores workplace sex discrimination and thus if enforced, would allows these inequalities to persist. (Common Dreams)

A Woman's Place is in the Struggle: Militarism and Violence against Women (April 21, 2004)

Green Left Weekly argues that within military culture, misogyny is both encouraged and overlooked. This article is specifically critical of the Australian and US military services' for allowing widespread sexual assaults of servicewomen.

Over One Million March for Women's Rights and Reproductive Justice (April 2004)

Over one million people marched in front of the White House to advocate for abortion rights, reproductive rights, and women's right to choose. The protesters also paid significant attention to social issues including education, poverty, and healthcare for women. (Utne)

Retailers to Meet With Women Entrepreneurs (March 25, 2004)

UNCTAD believes that women entrepreneurs must forge partnerships with UN agencies to tackle poverty and gender inequality issues. UNCTAD stresses that these partnerships must aim to enhance export opportunities for women, increase the earnings of home-based women workers, and promote sustainable and gender-sensitive methods of production.

Women Still Face Pay and Job Discrimination in the Global Workplace (March 5, 2004)

A report by the International Labor Organization provides a "stark picture of the status of women" in the workplace, characterized by low wages, inadequate work and a lack of true economic empowerment. (UN News Centre)

Rule of the Rapists (February 12, 2004)

The Revolutionary Association of Women of Afghanistan criticizes the United States for replacing one misogynist fundamentalist regime for another, arguing that religious fundamentalism is the main cause of suffering for Afghan women. (Guardian)

Conference Delegates in Ethiopia Call for End to FGM (February 6, 2004)

Two million African women and girls in 28 countries suffer from female genital mutilation (FGM) each year. This ‘traditional' practice perpetuates the low status of women in these societies and is a serious violation of human rights. (Integrated Regional Information Network)

Women Call for Equal Representation in Iraq (February 6, 2004)

The end of the Baath regime sparked hope among Iraqi women that the new Iraq would show commitment to women's inclusion into political decision-making. But the Governing Council voted to annul the country's relatively liberal personal status law, placing issues like marriage, divorce, child custody and inheritance under religious authority. (Women's e-News)

Adding It up: The Benefits of Investing in Sexual and Reproductive Health Care (February 3, 2004)

Malnutrition, unwanted pregnancies and sexually related illness account for a third of deaths amongst middle-aged women in poor countries. This report argues that increased aid and investment in contraceptive services from donor countries would close the gap in reproductive healthcare between rich and poor countries. (The Alan Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA)

Japan's Fertility-Treatment Boom Pressures Women (January 13, 2004)

Activist groups criticize the Japanese government's efforts in providing infertility treatment centers, arguing that these provisions heighten the social pressure and guilt women feel for being childless. (Women's e-News)

Afghan Women Fight for Citizenship (December 23, 2003)

The Afghan draft constitution fails to protect women from the kind of cruel and repressive treatment they suffered for five years under the Taliban, charges this article. While supporting human rights, the constitution does not guarantee equality for women, and it does not outlaw discrimination on the basis of gender. (Women's e-News)

Getting Girls into Schools is First Step to Reaching MDGs (December 11, 2003)

UNICEF's "State of the World's Children" contends that promoting basic education for girls will jump-start the progress needed to reach the Millennium Development Goals. Currently, school enrollment and literacy rates are still far higher among boys than among girls, perpetuating the vast waste of human potential.

Women Take Lead in Reconstruction of Rwanda (November 16, 2003)

Since the 1994 genocide, women have played a pivotal role in reconstructing Rwanda. The Rwandan constitution formalized the critical importance of women's leadership in the country's recovery. This article calls for Iraq and Afghanistan to follow this example and include women as full partners in the reconstruction process. (Women's e-News)

Egypt May Soon Permit Women to Confer Citizenship (November 3, 2003)

Egyptian laws deny citizenship to one million children of Egyptian women and foreign fathers, excluding them from material advantages such as free education and medical care. While Egyptian women will soon gain the right to pass on their nationality, activists fear that in practice, burdensome conditions and high fees will continue to bar citizenship to many children. (Women's eNews)

Being Pregnant Is Shrouded by a Cloud of Death (October 15, 2003)

In Malawi, one in 15 pregnant women dies of pregnancy and delivery complications. Laws prohibiting abortion compel women into unsafe abortions, which account for a great number of maternal deaths. Malawi traditions that demand the husband's permission before a woman can go to hospital contribute to this situation. (Inter Press Service)

Land Rights for Women Still Far from Becoming a Reality (October 13, 2003)

In Zambian society, women traditionally have no ownership of or control over land. Yet, they bear the burden of providing food for their families. The Zambian government, understanding the importance of land tenure for the country's food security, announced its commitment to increase land ownership of women. (Inter Press Service)

Global Eye – Body Blow (October 3, 2003)

This article argues that US President George Bush's policy of denying funding to groups that so much as mention the possibility of abortion to their clients illustrates Bush's "fundamentalist" fear of accepting the "freedom of women to control their own fertility." (Moscow Times)

Women Beyond the Pale (October 2003)

After 30 years of a more enlightened approach to prostitution, the French government returns to repression and contempt. Although studies show that prostitution is "one of the most vicious expressions of male domination and an extreme manifestation of social and economic hardship," the French government denies links between prostitution and social precariousness. (Le Monde diplomatique)

Mid-Day Meals Responsible for Female Enrolments in Primary Schools (October 2003)

Mid-day meal programs in India help to promote gender equality. In the Indian states that implemented such programs, female school enrolment and daily attendance increased significantly. Moreover, the programs contribute to lessening hunger. (InfoChange)

Women within Walls (October 2003)

While prisons in general signify "denial of freedom, but also of humanity," women prisoners lead a particularly hard life. They often have to support children or other family members on the outside, and experience social and psychological fragility. (Le Monde diplomatique)

Sexism "Costs Arab Economies Dear" (September 17, 2003)

The BBC reports that most Middle Eastern countries hugely expanded their investments in women's education, raising the average of female literacy from 17 percent in 1970 to 53 percent in 2000. Yet, this investment has not translated into economic growth as less than a third of women in the region participate in the workforce.

Women Battle with Culture in order to Fight AIDS (September 9, 2003)

In Swaziland, where 39 percent of the adult population has AIDS, women often have no other choice than working to sustain their families. Yet, customary law considers them as legal minors and denies them the rights to work or to own property. (Inter Press Service)

Norway vs. the Glass Ceiling (June 14, 2003)

Norway proposes laws setting quotas for greater gender equality in the corporate sector. But business organizations oppose laws different from international norms, fearing they will deter investment and make business inefficient. (New York Times)

Enlisting African Women to Fight AIDS (July 8, 2003)

A blueprint for shaping a response to the AIDS crisis must involve women, as rapid transmission occurs when women lack power in relationships, equal access to education, and economic independence. (Washington Post)

We Still Need Feminism (July 3, 2003)

A majority of men and women see unequal gender status as a woman's personal problem rather than a social problem. But changes to unjust social structures and policies will only come from collective political pressure. (Guardian)

Fighting Prejudice and Sexual Harassment of Girls in School (June 12, 2003)

Sexual harassment by teachers and male peers obstructs learning and personal development for girls in African schools. Empowerment programs that teach girls to speak out has made them aware of their rights and diminished abuse. (allAfrica )

Growers' Market (May 17, 2003)

Ever wonder where those freshly cut flowers and vegetables at supermarket stands come from day after day?Guardian investigates the conditions of Kenyan women working in refrigerated packing sheds at a factory that exports to the UK.

Women Demand Major Say in Africa's Development (April 7, 2003)

The Commonwealth Businesswomen's Network held a one-day conference in Johannesburg to discuss the New Partnership for African Development's (NEPAD) failure to reflect the crucial role of women in Africa's development. Women dominate agricultural production in Africa and play an active role in the informal economy. (Inter Press Service)

Fact Sheet: Why the Global Gag Rule Undermines US Foreign Policy and Harms Women's Health (April 7, 2003)

This fact sheet provides information on how the US policy of prohibiting funding to NGOs that advocate family planning contradicts US aims of fighting the practice of abortion worldwide. Improving access to family planning and contraception in fact reduces women's reliance on abortion and thus the risk of deaths due to unsafe abortions. (Population Action International)

The Advocates Guide to Promoting Gender Equality at the World Bank (April 2003)

This report from Women's Edge looks at the history of World Bank efforts to integrate gender equality goals into its poverty reduction strategies, and makes an assessment of the Bank's progress. The authors intend for advocates, particularly in the global "South," to use the report as a primer for pushing the Bank's gender equality agenda forward.

Poverty Pushes Cuban Women into Sex Tourism (March 26, 2003)

Since the fall of the Soviet Union halted the flow of aid and investment to Cuba, the relentless US embargo has had an even more devastating effect on Cuba's economy. Many men choose to find work abroad, leaving women with few options to support their families outside the booming sex tourism industry. (Digital Freedom Network)

Women Bear Brunt of AIDS Toll (March 23, 2003)

Entrenched patriarchy, changing cultural norms, and a surge in violent rape put young South African women particularly at risk for contracting the AIDS virus. According to a nationwide study of HIV prevalence, 17.7 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 49 are HIV-positive, compared with 12.8 percent of men. (Observer)

With Little Loans, Mexican Women Overcome (March 19, 2003)

In Mexico, two microcredit organizations have discovered that small loans to women, and only women, produce dramatic results for helping families lift themselves out of poverty. (New York Times)

Women's Day in New Russia (March 10, 2003)

For some Russian women, International Women's Day brings a wistful reminder of the gains made by feminists during the early Soviet era and gradually lost in the transition to capitalism. (New York Times)

Recognize and Revalue Women's Work (March 6, 2003)

Public Services International's (PSI) Equality and Rights Officer discusses what unions can do to address the global gender pay gap, particularly in the public sector where the majority of workers are women earning low wages. She suggests that gender-based campaigns would ultimately strengthen union membership and organization. (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions)

Trade is a Women's Issue (February 20, 2003)

Bama Athreya of the International Labor Rights Fund argues that women are central to global trade liberalization, but women's rights take a back seat in trade negotiations. 70%-90% of workers in export processing zones are women, who frequently suffer from abuse, harassment, and poor working conditions. (ATTAC)

Women as the Key to a Shift in Priorities (February 11, 2003)

A potential war on Iraq and fears of economic recession must not turn attention away from the environment and poverty in the developing world, write the authors of "Linking Population, Women and Biodiversity" from the State of the World 2003. To address poverty and biodiversity loss, world leaders must address the crucial problem of gender inequality and reproductive health. (International Herald Tribune)

In One US City, Life Under UN Treaty on Women (January 30, 2003)

In 1998, San Francisco adopted the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, which the US signed but never ratified. Activists call the measure, now at the end of its five year implementation plan, a "beachhead for a whole new way of thinking about problems of race, poverty, and gender in the United States." (Christian Science Monitor)


In Africa, AIDS Has a Woman's Face (December 29, 2002)

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan writes in the New York Times that African women play a crucial role in Africa's ability to survive famine and the AIDS crisis. He argues that aid programs to Africa must address the soaring rate of HIV infection among women and increase women's capacity to provide for their families.

Ensuring Reproductive Health and Rights Would Go a Long Way in Overcoming Poverty, New Report Says (December 3, 2002)

A United Nations Population Fund report strongly links access to contraception, family planning, and health care with poverty reduction and growth. The report argues that "universal access to reproductive health care, universal education, and women's empowerment" are conditions for "creating a global society that is both stable and just."

Playing Politics With World Population (November 6, 2002)

The Bush administration threatens to sabotage the UN International Conference on Population and Development action plan, which promotes basic health, education, and reproductive rights for women around the world. The Dutch minister for development cooperation argues, "Poverty reduction will not be successful . . . without women being able to make their own choices." (New York Times)

Women Need Not Apply (October 28, 2002)

China's shift to a market economy has left many unskilled, uneducated women in the northeast rust-belt unemployed. Massive lay-offs in state-owned factories target women much more than men, defying Mao Zedong's proclamation that "women hold up half the sky." (Newsweek)

Poverty: An Analysis From the Gender Perspective (October 17, 2002)

Poverty assessment indicators used by the World Bank and other development organizations are "incapable of reflecting the gender based inequalities that govern access to and control over resources." This article proposes rethinking women's roles in poverty alleviation. (Catholic Institute for International Relations)

Devastated Women (April 26, 2002)

The US will withhold $34 million promised to the United Nations Population Fund. While the Bush Administration seeks to prevent abortions, the number of abortions will essentially increase due to a lack of access to contraception. (New York Times)

'Gender Budgets' Seek More Equity (April, 2002)

Women's rights organizations in South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda have launched "gender budgeting" initiatives, which analyze the effects of national and local budgets on women. Are women in poverty in fact a priority when deliberating public spending? (Africa Recovery United Nations)

Wide Disparities Persist in Nepal Despite Steady Growth (February 27, 2002)

Nepal, one of the world's poorest nations, is facing tough challenges from a growing insurgency and increasing inequality, despite poverty reduction efforts. Discrimination, lack of accountability and harvests fraught with uncertainty are among the chief challenges. (UNDP)

Women Key To Effective Development, Bank Says (December 7, 2001)

According to the World Bank, countries which promote women's rights enjoy lower poverty rates, faster economic growth and less corruption than countries that do not. "The evidence shows that education, health, productivity, credit and governance work better when women involved."

UN Report (November 6, 2001)

"That makes me really angry," says Jennifer Klot of UNIFEM (UN Development Fund for Women) of the fact that only one out of the 54 envoys appointed by the UN Secretary General is a woman. (Washington Times)

Afghanistan: New War Puts Women's Rights in Peril (October 29, 2001)

Human Rights Watch fears that Afghan women face a particularly serious humanitarian crisis. The future political arrangements have to include women, "both as recipients of aid and as equal partners in decision making regarding development and aid projects in Afghanistan."

Trade, Gender and Poverty (October 2001)

Commissioned by UNDP, this paper analyzes the relationship between trade and gender inequality, as the discourse on development shifts to human well-being instead of income or consumption.

Fight Against Traffickers Needs Laws - and New Mindsets (August 6, 2001)

Asian governments agreed to work together to stem the flow of women and children being trafficked by international crime syndicates. A lack of legal uniformity, however, may hinder the governments' effort. (Inter Press Service)

British Firm Accused in UN ‘Sex Scandal': International Police in Bosnia Face Prostitution Claims (July 29, 2001)

A former UN police officer is suing a British security firm over claims that it covered up the shameful involvement of her UN fellow officers in sex crimes and prostitution rackets in the Balkans. Coincidentally, the UN mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina is creating special police units to crack down on prostitution and the widespread trafficking of women. (Observer)

'When We Met, We Were Illegal' (July 26, 2001)

As a major charity pushes for equal rights for elderly gays, former nurse Ron Strank reflects on how times have changed in the 41 years he's been with his partner, Roger Fisher. Strank criticizes the current UK civil registration framework for failing to recognize the equal rights for pension of homosexual couples and straight couples outside marriage. (BBC)

India's 'Bandit Queen,' Beloved by Poor, Murdered Outside Her Home (July 25, 2001)

Three masked men gunned down Phoolan Devi, India's onetime Bandit Queen. Devi is the outlaw-turned-legislator whom the poor idolized as a champion of the lower castes. (Associated Press)

Greece: Urgent Action Required on Trafficking (July 24, 2001)

UN and various human rights organizations condemned Greece for failing to address the issue of trafficking of women into the country for forced prostitution. The Greek government has punished female victims while their traffickers enjoy impunity. (Human Rights Watch)

Ashrawi to Be Voice of Arab League (July 11, 2001)

The Arab League has appointed former Palestinian official and human rights activist Hanan Ashrawi as its spokeswoman. This appointment will allow Mrs. Asharawi to correct 'the falsifications of Arab affairs' practiced by the Israeli and Western media. (BBC News)

Uzbekistan Turns Its Back on Battered Women (July 10, 2001)

Women suffer two-fold: first at the hands of their husbands and then at the hands of the state. In the name of "saving the family" and suppressing divorce rates, Uzbekistan has left women unable to depend on the state authority for protection from beatings and exacerbated their vulnerability to continued domestic violence. (Human Rights Watch)

Sex Slavery: International Steps are Needed to Curb What Has Become A Global Scourge (July 10, 2001)

The greed of global capitalism increased the demand for young women from developing nations as sex  'slaves.' This global epidemic of sex trafficking has brought " the prostitutes' UN" to the world's red-light districts. (Gazette, Montreal)

Canada: Women's Continued Economic Inequality (June 27, 2001)

The Center for Social Justice and the National Action Committee on the Status of Women announced a new report on the continuing economic discrimination against women. (Center for Social Justice)

Gender Discrimination Not Good for Growth (March 7, 2001)

World Bank shows solidarity to women on 'their' day. Maybe they should show solidarity when women "shoulder the burden of the social impact of adjustment;" when "women are the ones affected when health spending is cut or incomes reduced" ... (OneWorld)

Gender and Globalization (February, 2001)

Christine Chinkin says that, despite the possibility of new bases for gender relations caused by globalizing processes, there are new forms in which gender-based social exclusion may be created. (UN Chronicle)

German Women Gain Job Parity in Military (January 3, 2001)

With Germany lifting its last ban on gender-specific professions, German women can now freely pursue careers which hitherto, were impossible. (Washington Post)

Many Faces of Gender Inequality (2001)

Amartya Sen describes gender inequality as not being a "homogeneous phenomenon, but a collection of disparate and interlinked problems." He argues that "informed and critical agency" is a key in combating this issue. (Frontline India)


Women's Charges to Be Heard Now in UN (December 21, 2000)

As 13 countries have ratified and 62 have signed the UN Convention for the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women. Women around the world can now bypass their governments and file their grievances directly to the UN. (UN press Release)

Mainstreaming Works: The Gender Issue in Development (November 23, 2000)

The OECD Observerdetails how programs aimed at increasing the abilities of women (or men, if they are at a disadvantage) and fostering a better understanding of their rights among others, can enable them become agents of their own development and empowerment

Discrimination And Poverty Likely Bedfellows (November 20, 2000)

A new World Bank study shows that in societies, greater discrimination correlates to greater poverty, slower economic growth and a lower quality of life compared to those with less discrimination. (Africa News)

US Women Still Earn Less, More Likely to Be Poor (November 15, 2000 )

A report issued by the Institute for Women's Policy Research indicates that although narrowing of the wage gap in recent years has reflected a rise in women's earnings, the march towards equality is still slow. (Reuters)

Put Women at the Peace Table (November 13, 2000)

The prime minister of Bangladesh argues the case for bringing more women into peace talks and peacekeeping operations. (Christian Science Monitor)

UN Resolution Backs Women in Peace Roles (November 1, 2000)

The Security Council votes unanimously for a resolution urging the protection of women from rape and sexual abuse in war, as well as the increased involvement of women in peacemaking at all levels. (Boston Globe)

Security Council Holds First-Ever Meeting on Women and Armed Conflict (October 24, 2000)

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, as well as Ambassadors on the Council, urged the recruitment of more women for peacekeeping and peace-making missions and seriously addressed the plight of women in conflict. (UN News)

Norway Looks to Advance Women in the Private Sector (October 9, 2000)

Although Norway is seen by many as the leader in the advancement of women worldwide, a new study has shown that it has the "most gender segregated labor market in the OECD" and less women are holding managerial positions. (Earth Times)

Working for Women's Sexual Rights (October 2, 2000)

At the retirement of Dr. Nafis Sadik, director of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the New York Times details how the agenda within the Fund has changed from population control to the empowerment of women.

UN Issues Report on Discrimination and Violence against Women (September 20, 2000)

Despite certain improvements in recent years, women around the world suffer from discrimination and mutilation. They are regularly denied health care, education and basic policital rights, says a new report by the UN Population Fund. (Nando Times)

UN Agency Steps Up Effort to End Violence against Women (August 25, 2000)

UNIFEM's Trust Fund is supporting projects aimed at preventing violence to women. It has received about 200 proposals so far in 2000 alone. (Earth Times News Service)

Women Demand Share of Debt Cancellation Benefits (August 9, 2000)

Now that Burkina Faso has been granted $700 million under the HIPC initiative, what to do with the money? Local NGOs demand that it be spent on women's education. (Inter Press Service)

No Real Democracy Without Women, Says UNIFEM (July 13, 2000)

To have women elected into political positions is not enough to call it a democracy, as women often do not actually have a political "voice" as decision-making is moved elsewhere, says the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) report.(Inter Press Service)

Beijing+5: Beating the Backlash (June 14-20, 2000)

The Village Voice interviews insider Linda Tar-Whalen, US Ambassador to the UN Commission on the Status of Women, on the accomplishments of Beijing+5. Let's just say that she didn't get much sleep that week!

Women's Rights In the 21st Century: One Hundred Years Of Struggle (June 2000)

Le Monde Diplomatique details Florence Montreynaud's challenging task of chronicling women's accomplishments from 1900 through 1999!

Mission accomplished or mission impossible? (June 16, 2000)

Beijing+5 simultaneously disappoints and fulfills delegate's expectations about advancement of women's rights. Marilyn Henry reports from both angles.(The Jerusalem Post)

UN Gender Conference Agrees on Beijing Follow-Up Plan (June 12, 2000)

A last-minute agreement was reached at the Beijing +5 conferences to meet the goals set down by the Platform for Action five years ago. "Engendering Development", a draft policy research report, calls for concrete steps to translate policy recommendations into actions. (World Bank Development News)

UN, SFOR Involved in Bosnian Prostitution (May 19, 2000)

Reuters reports that UN police and one NATO-led Stabilization Force member were involved in women-trafficking in Bosnia. This further leads to discussions about status of women in the Balkan peninsula.

Honor Killings" of Women Said on Rise Worldwide (April 7, 2000)

According to a UN human rights investigator, more and more women and girls are being slain in "honor killings" around the world, particularly in Muslim populations. The perpetrators of these crimes are mostly male family members of the murdered women who claim to murder to defend their misconceived notion of 'family honor,' " (Reuters)

UN Welcomes Rwanda's New Property Laws for Women (March 20, 2000)

Rwanda's parliament has adopted legislation that now allows females to benefit from land and other properties. Link to UN Press Release. (Reuters)

Women's Labor: A Key Factor in Globalization (March 20, 2000)

Article discusses the undervalued role of women's labor in the globalization process and overall "success" of free market strategies. It questions why women are not entitled to the fullness of their rights: the right to work, the right to social protection, the right to bodily integrity, etc. (Economic Justice News)

To Educate Girls Is To Reduce Poverty (March 19, 2000)

An article from the London Guardian advocating the education of women as a necessary part of any long term poverty reduction strategy.

Bridging Ethiopia's Educational Gender Gap (March 14, 2000)

Despite some progress in developing nations to eradicate the educational gender gap, the process is "excruciatingly slow," says Mary Joy Pigozzi, senior education adviser for UNICEF. (Christian Science Monitor)

UN's Commitment to Promotion of Equal Rights for Women (March 8, 2000)

Vladimir Petrovsky, Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva addresses the round table discussion at the Palais des Nations in commemoration of International Women's Day. The theme of the discussion is 'Women Waging Peace'. (UN Press Release )

UN Sees Improvement inTaliban's Attitude to Women (March 8, 2000)

Acting UN Coordinator for Afghanistan reports some "flexibility" in the Taliban's policies towards women. The Taliban say they will gradually allow more women education as the country gets more stability. (Reuters)

French to Boost Women's Wages (March 8, 2000)

French Members of Parliament began debating new legislation that would force companies to pay women and men the same wage for the same job. The average pay gap between women and men for the same job is 27%. (Guardian, London)

In Mideast, Women Win Small Battles on Rights (March 8, 2000)

Palestinian women's groups are drafting a "personal status law" which would raise the minimum age for marriage to 18 and give women equal rights in divorce and inheritance. Palestinian women are encouraged by last week's ruling in Egypt that allows women to initiate divorce. The law is the first of its kind in the region. (Christian Science Monitor)

Secretary-General Stresses Need to Remove Barriers to Women's Involvement in Decision-Making (March 6, 2000)

Kofi Annan's address on the United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace, observed March 8, 2000.

African, Caribbean Women Yearn For Development (March 6, 2000)

At the Global 2000 Women's March Against Poverty in Paris, African and Caribbean women discussed how best to contribute to the socio-economic advancement of Africa. (Panafrican News Agency)

Making Women Disappear (January 30, 2000)

An in depth look at the ways in which the recent influx of western values are negatively affecting women's status in India. (Hindu)

India Seeks to Target Legislative Seats for Women (December 20, 1999)

The Indian government re-attempts to pass a bill which would reserve a third of the seats in parliament for women.(Reuters)

Southeast Asia: UNIFEM Pushes Gender Equity With Investments (December 13, 1999)

Unifem fund for developing countries launched to encourage investment in companies that have "socially responsible policies towards women."

Study Reports Record US Income Gap (September 5, 1999)

A Washington Post article about a study by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, showing the increasing income gap between haves and have-nots in the US.

Nordic Women Rank Highest in European Parliaments (August 5, 1999)

IPS Daily Journal article on high percentage of women parliamentarians in the national assemblies in three Nordic countries: Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

World Culture War (May 19, 1999)

Article examining the relationship of globalization to contemporary "atavistic social movements" and the resulting strains conferred upon women, minorities, and children.

Women Trade Unionists Put Globalisation in the Dock (May 18, 1999)

Article about the effects of globalisation on women with emphasis on women and minorities of the Third World

Gender & Sustainable Consumption: Bridging Policy Gaps (May 1999)

Report for the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development 7th Session, April 1999, recognizing that "gender equality is central and key to any paradigm for sustainable development".

Asian Crisis and Women Workers (March 17, 1999)

Kuala Lumpur Star reports: "Women workers in South-East Asia are rallying to resist globalisation which they feel has not only infringed upon their rights but resulted in economic and social problems".

Bringing Together the Rights to Livelihoods and Reproductive Health (March, 1999)

An analysis of Palestinian women's struggle for the right to quality of life and sustainable livelihoods in the face of rising globalization, and increased poverty. (Journal of The Society for International Development)

Bringing Together the Rights to Livelihoods and Reproductive Health (March, 1999)

An analysis of Palestinian women's struggle for the right to quality of life and sustainable livelihoods in the face of rising globalization, and increased poverty. (Journal of The Society for International Development)

Double Whammy for Women (January 1999)

Article describing the conditions surrounding increased female employment in Asia due to globilization and the deleterious effects of the Asian economic crisis on women's status.

Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa (December 1998)

Article explaining that although high economic growth has resulted from nations' structural adjustment policies, women's socio-economic status has worsened. Includes statistics on the gender inequality that persists in Africa.

Rural and Indigenous Women Speak Out Against Globalization (May 24, 1998)

Statement of Unity from the Asian Rural and Indigenous Women's Conference Against Globalization held in Chiangmai, Thailand during May 22-25, 1998.

Globalization and Trafficking in Women (March 1998)

Under globalization, women and children are the new raw resource in national development and international trade.

Progress on Women's Rights and Equality Compromised by Globalization (March 2, 1998)

Analyzes how economic restructuring has prevented the implementation of the objectives set forth at the 1995 UN Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.

Women's Eyes Bore Into the Bank (September 1997)

Article explaining that, while the World Bank has addressed concerns about gender equity, "the Bank is still failing to make adequate progress on a number of fronts".

Effects of Structural Adjustment on Women and the Poor (Fall 1995)

Article explaining that the Structural Adjustment Programmes designed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank are gender biased and have worsened gender inequality.



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