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Key UN Documents

Eighteenth Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (June 23, 2003)

This report highlights initiatives to return stability to Sierra Leone. Such initiatives include strengthening the capacity of police and armed forces, and restoring government control over diamond mining. The report also outlines plans for the withdrawal of UNAMSIL peacekeepers.

Fourteenth Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (June 19, 2002)

The Secretary General analyzes the conduct and the outcome of the May 2002 parliamentary elections. The report describes the challenges before the judicial system and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. It also warns that the civil war in liberia greatly threatens the peace in Sierra Leone.

Report by UN Expert Panel on Liberia (April 19, 2002)

A comprehensive UN report on Liberia's continuing violation of the arms embargo. The report investigates the Liberian government's compliance with UN Security Council Resolution 1343 of March 2001 under which sanctions were imposed on Monrovia for its links with the former rebel Revolutionary United Front in neighboring Sierra Leone.

Security Council Resolution 1389 (January 16, 2002)

A resolution adopted by the Security Council authorizing UNAMSIL to provide election-related support to the National Electoral Commission.

UN Expert Panel Report on Sierra Leone (December 20, 2000)

A UN panel uncovers the role of Liberia's Charles Taylor and many others in diamond and arms trafficking in Sierra Leone.

Eighth report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (December 15, 2000)


Security Council Report on Mission to Sierra Leone in October 2000 (S/2000/992)



Sanctions Related Documents

UN Resolution 1171 Imposing Sanctions Against Sierra Leone (June 5, 1998)

By which the Council decided measures to prohibit the sale and supply of arms and related matériel to non-governmental forces.

UN Resolution 1132 Imposing Sanctions Against Sierra Leone (October 8, 1997)

By which the Council imposed sanctions against the military junta and prevented the sale of petroleum and arms.

Key NGO Documents

Sierra Leone: The State of Security and Governance (September 2, 2003)

This International Crisis Group report praises the efforts of UNAMSIL but emphasizes the continuing problems of the political apparatus in the country. Other problems include the longstanding mismanagement of the diamond mines, and the tenuous situation in Liberia.

"We'll Kill You If You Cry": Sexual Violence in the Sierra Leone Conflict (January 2003)

Sexual violence is Sierra Leone's "silent war crime." This Human Rights Watch report details the widespread and systemic rape of women and girls by combatants in Sierra Leone's civil war from 1991-2001. The report also exposes rapes committed by UNAMSIL peacekeepers during this period.

Sierra Leone After Elections: Politics as Usual? (July 15, 2002)

The International Crisis Group recommends that to preserve the fragile peace in Sierra Leone, the UN Security Council should keep peacekeepers in the strategic and at-risk parts of the country, improve and downsize the army and the police, monitor Liberia, and create an international contact group on the Manu River regional crisis.

Review of the Sierra Leone Diamond Certification System and Proposals (April 25, 2001)

This report of Global Witness reviews the diamond certification system in Sierra Leone and gives recommendations to strengthen controls against conflict diamonds.

Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: UNAMSIL Hits the Home Straight (January 2002)

This monograph provides an overview of the inconclusive interventions in the Sierra Leone conflict, up to and including the deployment of UNAMSIL. It also reports on the advances made in the peace process, with specific emphasis on the present role of UNAMSIL in support of the Abuja II Agreement. (Institute for Security Studies).

Rearmament in Sierra-Leone: One Year After the Lomé Peace Agreement (December 2000)

This report by Eric Berman from Small Arms Survey examines the supply chain of small arms and light weapons into Sierra Leone - from Burkina Faso and Liberia for the RUF and from the UK for the Sierra Leonean government.

NGO Letter Calling for Security Council Action on the Diamond Trade and the Civil War in Sierra Leone (June 2, 2000)

A letter from Care International presents the position of several humanitarian NGOs and Global Policy Forum calling on the Security Council to strengthen the ban on trafficking arms and diamonds as a step towards ending the civil war in Sierra Leone. (Care International)

The Heart of the Matter; Sierra Leone, Diamonds and Human Security (January 2000)

This report by the Partnership Africa Canada demonstrates the centrality of diamonds in the Sierra Leone war. It also includes important recommendations to governments, the UN, and the diamond industry.

NGO Consultation

On September 28, 2000, Ambassador Jeremy Greenstock, Permanent Representative of the UK to the Security Council, invited a group of NGOs, including Global Policy Forum, OXFAM, Médecins sans Frontií¨res, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, for consultations with the Security Council and relevant UN agencies before finalising the program and objectives for the Council's mission to Sierra Leone October 7-14, 2000. The input of NGOs contributed significantly to the mission, and future NGO consultation and collaboration is addressed in the S/2000/992 report.






UN Troops Hand Over Security in Freetown to Government Forces (September 24, 2004)

UNAMSIL has handed over security to government forces in Sierra Leone's Western Area in anticipation of its June 2005 withdrawal. UNAMSIL was scheduled to depart at the end of 2004 but the Security Council extended its mandate in light of security concerns in Liberia and Guinea. Some Sierra Leoneans, however, still do not trust the military establishment saying, "How will I trust them not to repeat their acts when they were not punished?" (Integrated Regional Information Networks)

UNASMIL Hands Over Security Primacy of Eastern Region (August 9, 2004)

The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone began to hand over "security primacy" for the Eastern Province to the government of Sierra Leone. Although they ceded much power and control, UN peacekeepers will remain in the country to aid and advise the new army and police force. (allAfrica)

UN Ties Al Qaeda Figure to Diamonds (June 28, 2004)

The Wall Street Journal reports that al Qaeda surveyed potential diamond-trading operations in Liberia and acquired diamonds from war-torn Sierra Leone. UN war crimes prosecutors believe that conflict diamond trading in West Africa might have been a "central component of al Qaeda's finances."

UN Keeps Sierra Leone Peacekeepers (March 30, 2004)

The UN Security Council has decided to extend the mandate of the UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) by six months, and to authorize a scaled-down peacekeeping force until June 2005 to allow time for the country's armed forces and police to assert control over the territory. (Associated Press)



UN Council Ends Bans on Sierra Leone Diamonds (June 4, 2003)

The Security Council determined that Sierra Leone no longer threatens international peace and security by trading in conflict diamonds. A government-initiated certification plan and cooperation with external regulators ended a 3-year period of sanctions on the country. (Reuters)

Sierra Leone Wraps Up Atrocities Report (April 1, 2003)

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission has accumulated 6,000 reports of human rights abuses committed during Sierra Leone's civil war in the 1990s. A separate war crimes tribunal is currently preparing to try the first cases. (Associated Press)

Unamsil's Mandate Extended By Six Months (March 31, 2003)

The UN Security Council extended the mandate of the Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) for six months. The UN Secretary General's report calls on states, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to continue supporting the country's recovery. (Integrated Regional Information Networks)

Sierra Leone War Crimes Court Will Hunt Guilty Anywhere (March 18, 2003)

As the Sierra Leone's special war crimes court may prosecute any foreigners responsible in the conflict, Liberia's President Charles Taylor may be included among those convicted. "There is clear evidence of regional and international involvement -- in terms of funding, political backing and military support," says the prosecutor for the war crimes court. (Reuters)

Tribunal Indicts Sierra Leone Rebel Leader (March 10, 2003)

Sierra Leone's war crimes tribunal indicted the most notorious of the rebel leaders in the country, Foday Sankoh. Sankoh's Revolutionary United Front sought to control the government and diamond fields, and committed the most serious human rights violations. (Associated Press)

British Troops Arrive to Shore Up Security (February 24, 2003)

Britain sent a total of 300 soldiers to Sierra Leone to help the UN mission and protect Sierra Leone's capital. The presence of the troops may anticipate a potentially bigger conflict. (Inter Press Service)




UN Security Council Extends Prohibition (December 5, 2002)

As the illicit diamond trade in Sierra Leone remains a threat to security, the UN Security Council decided to extend the prohibition on direct or indirect import of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone for a new period of six months. (Presswire)

The Liberian Government Finally Admits Support to RUF (November 27, 2002)

Less than a month before the formal opening of the Special War Crime Tribunal in Sierra Leone, Liberian president Charles Taylor clearly admits his support for the RUF. This article in the Perspective encourages the Liberian people and the international community to impeach Mr. Taylor.

Peace And Diamonds (November 22, 2002)

The Sierra Leone diamond industry has always served only the needs of a mercenary and parasitic elite class and their foreign business partners. In contrast, the exploited indigenous populations in the area receive few social services and benefits. (Standard Times)

As Sierra Leone's War Crimes Court Takes Shape, Speculation Abounds (October 29, 2002)

The Sierra Leone's war crimes tribunal, expected to begin in December 2002, brings much speculation on prosecutions for crimes against humanity in one of Africa's most brutal civil wars. (Tehran Times)

UNAMSIL – A Peacekeeping Success Lessons Learned (October, 2002)

Refugees International's study shows how UN peacekeeping missions can successfully end conflicts. UNAMSIL, despite some mistakes and failures, could restore peace and stability in Sierra Leone.

Bin Laden's Dollars 20m African 'Blood Diamond' Deals (October 20, 2002)

Before September 11, Al-Qaida converted millions of dollars into diamonds from the RUF (Revolutionary United Front) in Sierra Leone. Terrorist organizations "can easily transport (diamonds) over borders without detection and convert them back into banknotes whenever they need the money." (Observer)

UNAMSIL Mandate (September 18, 2002)

Standard Times appreciates the crucial help and support of UNAMSIL in Sierra Leone's peace process. This article pleads to world leaders to extend the Mission's mandate in the area.

Annan Suggests Scaling Down UNAMSIL (September 12, 2002)

Kofi Annan, encouraged by positive developments in Sierra Leone, proposes to extend the mission while downsizing gradually the number of troops in the area. Sierra Leonean President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah warns of the fragile political and security situation in Liberia. (Integrated Regional Information Networks)

Bangladesh Takes the Lead in UNAMSIL Mission (August 9, 2002)

The UN Mission in Sierra Leone is bringing new ideas and initiatives, in areas such as health, education, humanitarian relief and roads rehabilitation activities, "which although lie outside their direct and normal UN mandate, are nevertheless contributing significantly to the overall development of the country." (Standard Times)

Liberian Conflict Tops Instability Sources in MRU Sub-Region (July 1, 2002)

Ambassador Adolfo Zinser, representing Mexico in the UN Security Council, has concluded that violence in Liberia remains the top danger to peace in Sierra Leone. He also draws attention to extreme socio-economic conditions, and humanitarian and human rights situations as additional threats. (The News (Monrovia))

Sierra Leone Remains a Major Diplomatic Victory (June 17, 2002)

In an extensive interview, Ambassador Ralph Uwechue from Nigeria comments on the, often overlooked, roles of Nigeria and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the Sierra Leone and DRC peace negotiations. (The Daily Trust)

Sierra Leone's Troubling Stones (May, 22, 2002)

The peace agreement signed in January has yet to bring changes to Sierra Leone's diamond-rich Kono district. However, as prosperity relies on the successful supervision of such rich fields, lack of government funding can jeopardize the national diamond-taxing mechanisms. (Christian Science Monitor)

An Ethnic Divide Or an Image Factor? (May 27, 2002)

The UN saw the May 14th elections in Sierra Leone as a peace-building strategy but some analysts suggest that they created ethnic divides. The Standard Times opposes such view and argues that political parties lost in some regions not because of the parties' ethnic character but due to their poor image. (The Standard Times (Freetown)

In Once-Brutal War Zone, A Model Arises (May 16, 2002)

The serious regional and international involvement in Sierra Leone represents the "recipe for potential success that can be replicated anywhere on the continent", reports John Prendergast from the International Crisis Group following the peaceful process of elections in the country. (Christian Science Monitor)

For Sierra Leone Ballot, Hope Trumps Despair (May 13, 2002)

On the eve of elections in Freetown, the question arises as to what will be the role of the UN peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone if the process goes smoothly, and whether the country "can survive without that umbrella". (New York Times)

Largest UN Peacekeeping Mission to Oversee Sierra Leone Elections (March 29, 2002)

The Security Council extends the UN Special Mission in Sierra Leone for an additional six months. Political leaders in the country say that "the peacekeepers' presence will be essential to ensuring that presidential elections in May - the first since the 10-year civil war ended - are carried out smoothly." (Voice of America News)

UN Takes Action Against Peacekeepers' Misconduct (March 18, 2002)

In reaction to the accusation against the peacekeepers in the UN mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) for sexual abuse and exploitation of refugees, UNAMSIL trains its troops on women and children rights and enforces zero-tolerance against sexual misconduct. (Toronto Star)

Despite Demobilizing Efforts, Guns Are Hard To Disable (February 28, 2002)

The UN campaign to disarm and demobilize thousands of young rebels in Sierra Leone is neither cheap nor easy. The campaign is costing $31 million and unless the guns are completely destroyed, many components can still be salvaged and recycled into new conflicts. (Chicago Tribune)

Sierra Leone's 'Flames of Peace' (January 18, 2002)

The president of Sierra Leone declares the end to one of Africa's most brutal wars. Under the UN-brokered peace program, some 47,000 rebels and government militiamen have turned in their weapons over the past year. (BBC News)

Security Council Authorizes UN Force in Sierra Leone to Help With Elections (January 17, 2002)

The Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution authorizing the UN peacekeeping force in Sierra Leone to facilitate "the smooth holding of elections" in May 2002. (Ananova)

Fighters "Disarmed" in Sierra Leone (January 6, 2002)

UN peacekeeping forces say that they have disarmed all but a few of the fighters in Sierra Leone. Those remaining are in the diamond-rich east of the country, where the fighting began. Some analysts fear that the peace process is being pushed too fast and Sierra Leone's citizens worry that peacekeeping forces may withdraw before real stability is achieved. (BBC)


Danger for Sierra Leone (December 18, 2001)

Key militia groups are jeopardizing the country's political future by refusing to hand over heavy weaponry to the UN Mission in Sierra Leone. The rebels are also responsible for selling diamonds in contravention of UN Security Council resolutions. (Africa Analysis)

Diamonds Slow Sierra Leone Peace (November 25, 2001)

RUF rebels are continuing to delay the disarmanent programme and the return of rebel-held territories to the government. Though the rebels continue to make political demands, the main motivation for the delay lies in the desire to "pluck as many gems as possible" during the interim period. (Reuters)

Spotlight on Sierra Leone Peace (November 14, 2001)

Officials of the UN and ECOWAS will meet to evaluate the implementation of the cease-fire accord signed between the RUF and the government one year ago. (Agence France Presse )

Sierra Leone Disarmament Pleases UN (November 11, 2001)

The UN welcomes the recent cooperation by rebels and pro-government militia fighters and expresses hope that disarmament could be completed by a November 30 deadline (Associated Press)

UN Exposes Arms Smuggling (November 6, 2001)

A recent UN report on Liberia has uncovered the alleged involvement of a Singapore-registered private company in financing an arms deal in Liberia. The chairman of the Indonesian Djan Djajanti group that owns the private company is reportedly a close friend of Liberian President Charles Taylor. (News 24)

UN Arms Embargo Failing, Weak Export Controls Largely to Blame (November 5, 2001)

The United Nations Security Council must enforce the international arms embargo on Liberia, according to this Human Right Watch report.

Disagreement on UN Sanctions Against Liberia (October 31, 2001)

Although a panel of UN experts have reported that tightening sanctions would have more negative impacts on Liberia's economy, another panel has recently recommended to extend the sanctions. The Security Council must choose between "effectively hurting the Liberian elite but at the same time worsening the humanitarian situation." (Afrol News)

UN Panel Experts Call for 'Additional' Sanctions on Liberia (October 29, 2001)

Liberia's continuing relationship with Sierra Leone's RUF rebels explains the UN's decision to impose additional sanctions on the government. (Sierra Leone Web)

Sierra Leone: Managing Uncertainty (October 24, 2001)

The International Crisis Group report on Sierra Leone responds to the international community's "cautious optimism" about lasting peace in the country. The report warns that Sierra Leone's history of stalled or collapsed peace processes may yet repeat itself if the crucial next seven months are not managed with care.

Disagreeing With Kofi Annan (October 23, 2001)

According to the Perspective, the Secretary General should not dissuade the Security Council from imposing further sanctions against Monrovia, arguing new measures would not increase the sufferings of ordinary Liberians.

UN May Relax Sanctions On Monrovia (October 18, 2001)

Liberian Head of State Charles Taylor is taking important steps to secure peace in the Mano river basin; a move that may prompt the Security Council to consider relaxing sanctions against the government. (Standard Times)

UN Says Tighter Liberia Sanctions Would Harm Poor (October 12, 2001)

The current sanctions on Liberia, approved by the Security Council when Liberia was selling arms to Sierra Leone in exchange for diamonds, are about to be tightened. Secretary General Kofi Anan warns that such a move will mostly affect the country's poor, ''given that their resilience and coping capabilities are next to exhausted.'' (Reuters)

Global Witness, ITF Cite Liberia's "Infringements" of UN Sanctions(October 1, 2001)

Global Witness and the International Transport Workers Federation denounce that Liberia not only violates UN sanctions, but also has adopted various other means of circumventing the sanctions, especially in the timber industry. (Perspective)

Global Witness Director Speaks On Timber And Sanctions(August 29, 2001)

The Perspective interviews Mr. Alley, Global Witness Director, on the role of the Liberian industry in the ongoing conflict and the possibility that the Security Council adds timber to the sanctions against Liberia.

Sierra Leone Seizes Illegal Diamonds (August 28, 2001)

Backed by UNAMSIL, rebels and the government of Sierra Leone launched last month a major operation to seize illegal conflict diamonds to help disarmament. But police said the ban had failed to stop the flow of diamonds.(Reuters)

Taylor's Foot Soldiers, "Flowers" And the UN Sanctions List (August 9, 2001)

The UN-imposed travel ban list for Liberian officials failed to include many of President Charles Taylor's most loyal followers. These junior ministers, directors, and many others who are without governmental positions continue to terrorize the Liberian populace. (Perspective)

Mining ban snubbed in Sierra Leone (July 30, 2001)

Despite the mining ban, Sierra Leonean rebels and pro-government militias are continuing to mine diamonds from the eastern province of Kono. The Sierra Leonean government has disavowed responsibility, saying that enforcing the mining ban is the UNAMSIL's duty. (Reuters)

Most Serious Attacks in Months -- UN Peacekeepers Needed (July 24, 2001)

In light of recent attacks against civilians by pro-government militias, Human Rights Watch has urged the UN to quickly deploy more peacekeepers in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Diamond Mining Ban (July 18, 2001)

The UN announced that a mining ban has come into effect in Sierra Leone's eastern diamond region following an agreement between rebels and the government. The agreement is intended to pave the way for the disarmament of the Revolutionary United Front rebels and other militias, and the subsequent deployment of UN peacekeepers. (BBC)

Sierra Leone Disarmament Reaches Diamond Country (July 3, 2001)

UN officials announced that RUF fighters have begun disarming in Sierra Leone's diamond-rich Kono region. For the UN, the situation looks far more optimistic than a year ago, when these same rebels briefly took hundreds of UN peacekeepers hostage. (Reuters)

The Sanctions and the Future of Liberia (June 22, 2001)

This editorial from a Liberian opposition newspaper endorses UN sanctions against Liberia, arguing that the UN should go even further in strengthening sanctions against Liberian President Charles Taylor and his government. (Perspective)

Why UN Should Deny Taylor Arms Waiver (June 20, 2001)

Liberian President Charles Taylor's request that the UN temporarily lift an arms embargo against him is "laughable," according to this editorial. The UN should not trust a leader who has consistently waged war against his own people. (Perspective)

Nigeria 'Not Happy' About UN Sanctions Against Liberia (June 11, 2001)

The Nigerian government has argued that UN sanctions against Liberia are too stringent and that the international community should give Liberian President Charles Taylor more leeway to protect his country. (Perspective)

Liberia Argues Need For Arms (June 11, 2001)

Liberian President Charles Taylor has appealed to the Security Council to lift the arms embargo against his country, so that Liberia can defend itself against attacks from armed groups from Sierra Leone and Guinea. (BBC)

France And Taylor's "Presidential Pepperbush" (June 5, 2001)

The Perspective, investigating why France opposed sanctions on Liberian timber, tries to trace "the trail of the timber, the circle of influence and decision makers in Paris."

Desperate Taylor, The Next War... (June 1, 2001)

This editorial suggests that Liberian leader Charles Taylor is the biggest obstacle to peace in West Africa, but the UN must continue its tough stance with him. (Perspective)

Liberian Accuses Britain of Stirring Regional War (May 30, 2001)

President Taylor of Liberia accuses the UK of helping keep alive the conflict in West Africa by training Sierra Leonean governmental troops. (Reuters)

War in Sierra Leone Loosens Its Grip on Child Soldiers (May 26, 2001)

The RUF just released several hundred child soldiers. "This clearly demonstrates the commitment of the RUF to the total stoppage of this war," said Oluyemi Adeniji, the UN special envoy to Sierra Leone. (New York Times)

Powell's Peacekeeping Promise (May 24, 2001)

The US has guaranteed support to Nigerian peacekeepers in UNAMSIL – a good excuse not to send US troops to Africa. Interestingly, the US also has oil interests in Nigeria. (

No Liberian Diamonds in Bush America (May 24, 2001)

In response to Security Council Resolution 1343 imposing sanctions on Liberia for its support to the RUF, Bush issued an Executive Order prohibiting the importation of all Liberian rough diamonds into the US. (Perspective)

Sierra Leonean Disarmament Gains Momentum (May 23, 2001)

Since the UN-led meeting in Abudja between RUF and the Sierra Leonean government, RUF no longer sees UNAMSIL as backing the government, and thus has been cooperating with the UN in the disarmament process. (Afrol News)

Snags Hit Sierra Leone Disarmament (May 22, 2001)

Government-backed Kamajors violated the ceasefire by attacking the RUF, reports UNAMSIL. Freetown promised it would be resolved. (News24)

Rebels Without a Future (May 22, 2001)

The RUF may be "breathing its last" suggests the BBC. With many rebels disarmed, can the RUF become a political force?

The War That Spread (May 19, 2001)

The UN is well aware that civil strife in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone could draw much of West Africa into cataclysmic regional war, but the Permanent Members of the Security Council are unwilling to get involved. (Economist

New War at Home for Rebel-Backing Taylor (May 17, 2001)

"Taylor was in complete control of the RUF until about two weeks ago. He decided everything the RUF did," revealed a RUF commander in the peace talks with Sierra Leone. (Daily Telegraph)

Sierra Leone Army and RUF Agree to Stop Fighting (May 16, 2001)

The Sierra Leonean army and the RUF signed a ceasefire and agreed to start a demobilization program under the auspices of UNAMSIL. But Sierra Leone has not decided on the release of Foday Sankoh. (Afrol News)

UN Security Council Briefed On Regional Crises (May 16, 2001)

In a special session on West Africa, UN officials briefed the Security Council on the political and humanitarian challenges in the region. To face the situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, the UN needs to adopt an integrated regional approach and to cooperate with ECOWAS. (IRIN)

Weapons Turned Into Ploughshares in Sierra Leone (May 15, 2001)

UNAMSIL launched a program of arms destruction along with the National Commission on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration. All fighting units in the country will de disarmed, except the army. The weapons will be recycled and transformed into productive tools. (Afrol News)

Media Group Calls On UN to Indict Charles Taylor for War Crimes (May 14, 2001)

The Association of Liberian Journalists in the Americas appeals to the UN Security Council to establish a legal framework to indict Taylor for war crimes and crimes against humanity, reports the Perspective.

Rebel Leader's Fate Discussed in Sierra Leone ( May 9, 2001)

During the first round of talks to revitalize the peace process, Sierra Leone officials and RUF leaders tackled the issues of freeing Foday Sankoh. This would challenge the credibility of the Special Court. The debate will be one of the main issues in the second round of talks mid-May. (Afrol News)

Liberian Timber Profits Finance Regional Conflict (May 8, 2001)

As the Security Council imposes sanctions on Liberian diamonds, a new investigation by Global Witness unveils the important role of wood in the conflict. The UK-based group urges the Security Council to expand the embargo to include timber.

Sanctions 'Richly Deserved' (May 6, 2001)

Liberian officials reacted to the imposition of sanctions arguing they are "unjust and unfair". Meanwhile some Liberians applaud their entry into force, saying they are deserved – as long as they are targeted. (Agence France Presse)

UN to Apply Limited Sanctions (May 4, 2001)

Sanctions on Liberia came into effect after the Security Council decided, in accordance with the Secretary General's report, that Taylor did not comply with the requirements of Resolution 1343. (Panafrican News Agency)

Rebels Agree to Release UNAMSIL Weapons (May 3, 2001)

The Sierra Leonean government and the RUF agreed to meet in May under the auspices of UNAMSIL in order to "work out a program for Disarmament, Demobilization and Rehabilitation". (Panafrican News Agency)

Taylor's Liberia Remains Focus of Critics (May 2, 2001)

In his first report on Liberia to the Security Council, Kofi Annan says the UN cannot completely verify Taylor's compliance to Resolution 1343. He suggests implementing ECOWAS' suggestion to deploy observers along the Liberian border. (Afrol News)

Sierra Leone Front-Line Trade Thriving (May 2, 2001)

As sanctions against Liberia are looming, News24 reports that rebels can now support themselves within Sierra Leone without Liberia's "help".

Sierra Leone Peace Coordination Group, RUF Meet (May 1, 2001)

The UN, ECOWAS, Sierra Leonean and RUF leaders are meeting in Abidjan to revitalize the Lomé peace accord from 1999. (Panafrican News)

Guinea Refuses Stationing of ECOWAS Troops (April 27, 2001)

Guinea is opposed to the deployment of ECOWAS peacekeeping troops as long as their mandate is limited as an interposition force. The country, overwhelmed by refugee flows, requires a real intervention against RUF attacks from Liberia. (IPS)

Spanish Greenpeace Supports Embargo on Liberia's "Wood of War" (April 26, 2001)

The Spanish branch of Greenpeace urges the Security Council to pass a ban on Liberian timber. The campaign accuses China and France, principal importers of timber, of opposing action against "wood of war". (Perspective)

Short Sparks UN Row With Attack on Peacekeepers (April 23, 2001)

Clare Short, the British Secretary of State for International Development, holds the bureaucratic system of the DPKO for responsible for the failure of the peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone. (Independent)

Saddam's Oil & Taylor's Timber (April 21, 2001)

Sanctions on Liberia are likely to be implemented, but will spare timber exportation. The Perspective then suggests a regulated program for Liberian timber export.

Sierra Leone Rebels Contemplate Life Without Guns (April 14, 2001)

"We are now ready to struggle politically, not militarily", says the RUF. And to do so, the RUF has named a peace commission. But will the Freetown government go along with the proposition? (Washington Post)

Liberia Sanctions on Hold (April 12, 2001)

Ecowas decided to establish a monitoring mechanism and to send a verification mission to investigate Liberia's compliance with UN Security Council conditions. (News24)

Sierra Leone: Time for a New Military and Political Strategy (April 11, 2001)

In this report, the International Crisis Group urges the international community to change its strategy on Sierra Leone. The report suggests that the UN stop discussions with the RUF except to achieve complete disarmament . It also urges decisive military action against the rebels.

West Africa States Try to Head Off Regional War (April 10, 2001)

West African leaders hold a summit in Abidjan to find a regional solution to the endless war in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. But Kabbah and Conte (leaders of Sierra Leone and Guinea) refuse to come because the notorious Charles Taylor is there. (Reuters)

Rebels Reiterate Commitment to Cooperation With UN (April 9, 2001)

RUF leaders demonstrated to UN Deputy Secretary General, Louise Fréchette, their commitment to the peace process by dismantling three rebel checkpoints. (Panafrican News Agency)

UN Enters Rebel-Held Diamond Town (April 9, 2001)

For the first time, peacekeepers entered diamond mining areas. The RUF did not oppose the deployment. (Associated Press)

Liberia Starts Mobilizing Civil War Fighters (April 9, 2001)

Thousands of Taylor's armed forces have been mobilized in the north to fight dissidents, which include those fighting for Sierra Leone's government against rebels linked to Taylor. Furthermore an army source says the arms embargo will not stop them. (Reuters)

Threat to Sierra Leone Ceasefire (April 4, 2001)

The UN peacekeeping mission deployment in RUF-held areas has been delayed. UN mismanagement left the two forces just a few miles apart. (BBC)

Sierra Leone Government, Rebels Say Peace at Hand Despite Hurdles (April 4, 2001)

The Sierra Leonean government seems optimistic for a resolution of the civil war soon. But UN and humanitarian sources are more skeptical. (Agence France Presse)

Sierra Leone Rebels Want to End 10 - Year War (April 3, 2001)

RUF may accept a political end to the war and deployment of UN peacekeepers in diamond-mining areas. But this would be contingent on stemming the loyalist attacks from the Guinean border.(Reuters)

UN to Add Troops in Sierra Leone (April 1, 2001)

The Security Council unanimously decided to increase the number of troops and to extend the mandate of UNAMSIL for six months. The resolution calls for the RUF to fulfill its engagement under the Lusaka agreement and to allow UN deployment in diamonds regions.(Reuters)

Liberia Seeks UN Peacekeepers to Verify Demands Met (March 28, 2001)

As Taylor calls for a peacekeeping force to verify the Liberian compliance with the resolution, Kofi Annan has set up a panel of experts to monitor the implementation of the measures required by the Security Council. (People's Daily)

Osten Airport: Arms Running

The Association for a Clean Ostend denounces the role of the Belgian airport in the international arms traffic in Angola, Sierra Leone and the Region of the Great Lakes in Central Africa.

Obasanjo's "No Sanctions", No Alternative Policy (March 23, 2001)

Taylor does not to want peace, says this editorial of the Perspective, interpreting the closing of Liberian borders with Freetown and the expulsion of Sierra Leonean and Guinean ambassadors as bellicose actions.

UN Wants to Extend and Strengthen Sierra Leone Mission (March 21, 2001)

The Secretary General, in his ninth report to the Security Council on Sierra Leone , calls for more troops and further deployment of UNAMSIL.(

Implications of UN Sanctions Reprieve (March 20, 2001)

The Perspective wonders if the two-month delay of UN sanctions will affect the credibility of ECOWAS since most of the ECOWAS countries are "in debt" towards Taylor.

Liberia Bans Import of 'Blood Diamonds' Following UN Strictures (March 19, 2001)

The ban on uncertified diamonds that Liberia announced the day before the UN imposed sanctions, just came into effect. Will it be sufficient for the Security Council ?(Agence France-Presse)

UN Deploys in RUF-Held Territory (March 15, 2001)

UN peacekeepers have moved into minor strategic territories under RUF control, a test before further deployment into the diamond mining areas. (

ECOWAS, UN Continue Talks on Regional Security (March 10, 2001)

Since ECOWAS intervention in Liberia and Sierra Leone, the UN and ECOWAS have strengthened their cooperation on economic, social, political and security issues affecting the sub-region.

Liberia Pledges Compliance With UN (March 8, 2001)

Even though the Liberian government says the Security Council assessments are wrong, Liberia will comply with the demands formulated in the resolution imposing sanctions.(Associated Press)

UN Imposes Sanctions on Liberia's Diamond Exports (March 7, 2001)

The Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution imposing sanctions against Liberia. Criticism of UN sanctions has led to this recent resolution having more precise criteria for implementation. (Reuters)

UN Moves Toward Ban on Liberia Diamond Exports (March 1, 2001)

The Security Council is about to pass a resolution imposing sanctions on Liberia. But the date of passage is uncertain since West African countries want two more months to give a chance to Taylor to fulfill the requirements. (Reuters)

Sierra Leone Joins Guinea For Immediate Liberia Sanctions (February 26, 2001)

In a statement, the Sierra Leonean government asked the Security Council to recognize the seriousness of the situation and to impose immediate sanctions against Taylor. (Perspective)

Students Want UN Report Published (February 21, 2001)

Liberian students call for the full publication of the UN Expert Panel report on Sierra Leone, accusing the government of misinformation about the effects of the threatening sanctions for the population. (Perspective)

New Fighting Is Feared in Sierra Leone Unless UN Force Acts (February 20, 2001)

The inability of peacekeepers to deploy is worrying due to the looming threat of further violence. ( International Herald Tribune)

Angola, Sierra Leone Introduce Diamonds Certification (February 19, 2001)

The international conflict diamonds meeting ends with the introduction of identification marks on Angolan and Sierra Leonean diamonds. (Panafrican News Agency)

We Mourn For Sierra Leone's Children (February 17, 2001)

The Perspective criticizes the Security Council's decision to delay sanctions against Taylor.

UN Delays Liberia Sanctions (February 16, 2001)

The Security Council accepted to delay the diamond and travel ban for two months to give a last chance to African countries to negotiate with Taylor. It symbolically re-imposed the already existing arms-embargo. (BBC)

Sierra Leone Rebels Return Stolen UN Equipment (February 13, 2001)

After a meeting between RUF and UNAMSIL, rebels returned equipment stolen last May, when they took some 500 peacekeepers hostage. Is it a sign toward peace dialogue? (Reuters)

Parliament Extends Presidential Term (February 13, 2001)

Because of the continuing civil war, Sierra Leone has postponed elections for six months to avoid chaos. (Panafrican News Agency)

West Africans Request Sanctions Delay (February 13, 2001)

"We are not against sanctions. We are for a very efficient implementation of the sanctions when Liberia fails to implement [its] commitments", argues ECOWAS, calling the Security Council for a delay in the imposition of sanctions. (BBC)

Rights Group Demands Taylor's Resignation (February 10, 2001)

The Liberia Watch for Human Rights calls for Taylor's resignation and for the dissolution of the Liberian legislature in order to save the country from sanctions. (Panafrican News Agency)

Liberia Claims Sanctions Victory (February 6, 2001)

Liberia counts on the division among permanent members of the Security Council to escape sanctions.(The Perspective)

France's Stance on Sanctions Viewed as Affront to Liberians (February 5, 2001)

Arguing that sanctions are "punitive and negative", France will support sanctions against Liberia conditionally, only if they exclude the timber and logging industry. Is it something to do with the fact that France is one of the major importers of Liberian timber? (Perspective)

UN Diplomats Counter Liberia's Claims of Innocence (February 2, 2001)

Yet again the Security Council is about to adopt a new arms embargo on Liberia, although the Liberian foreign minister claims that his country was the target of "unsubstantiated allegations of diamond smuggling and gun running." (Rappaport Trade Wire)

UN Troops in Sierra Leone Accused of Being 'on Holiday' (January 30, 2001)

Sierra Leoneans perceive the attitude of UN peacekeepers as arrogant. UNAMSIL officials reject the criticisms even if they understand the locals' point of view.(Agence France Press)

West African Nations Criticize UN (January 26, 2001)

Gambia and Burkina Faso disapprove of the UN decision to impose sanctions on Liberia and criticize the blood diamonds report issued by the Security Council… in which they are cited. (BBC)

Liberia Lifts Ban on Visas for US Officials and Families (January 26, 2001)

Liberia ends their ban on visas for US officials in order to improve bilateral relations with the new Bush administration. Of course, this has nothing to do with the Liberian effort to prevent the imposition of new UN sanctions! (Associated Press)

The Role of Liberia's Logging Industry on National And Regional Insecurity (January 24, 2001)

In this document addressed to the Security Council, Global Witness suggests the immediate imposition of a total embargo on Liberian timber, which, it says, plays an important role in Taylor's revenues, even more than the diamond trade. (IRIN)

US Urges UN to Ban Liberian Diamonds and Timber (January 18, 2001)

After a delay caused by infighting among the permanent members of the Security Council, a draft resolution is finally introduced in the Council calling for a global embargo on Liberia's diamonds and timber, as well as flight and travel bans. (Reuters)

Taylor Moves To Own Minerals (January 18, 2001)

"Never before in our history has a President wanted so much, stolen so much in so short a period," complains an opposition legislator after the Liberian president, Charles Taylor, introduced an act giving him sole power in decisions regarding natural resources, including, of course, diamonds. (The Perspective)

Liberia's U-Turn on Sierra Leone (January 15, 2001)

The Liberian Foreign Ministry announces that Liberia will no longer support the RUF, calling for the rebels to disarm. But is this just another empty promise? Or has the threat of UN sanctions actually worked? (Reuters)

RUF Agrees to Open Roads Within 72 Hours (January 4, 2001)

The commander of UNAMSIL meets face to face with the leader of the RUF, who promises to open all roads leading to rebel-held areas. This would allow humanitarian agencies, escorted by UNAMSIL, to enter areas held by the RUF. (IRIN)

British Forces to Stay in Sierra Leone (January 1, 2001)

A senior officer in the UK military says that Britain will not leave Sierra Leone until "the war is either won or resolved on favorable terms." (BBC)


September - December 2000 | May - August 2000 | January - April 2000

September - December 2000

UN Demands End to Aid for Rebels Destabilizing Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia Borders (December 21, 2000)

The Security Council backs a plan by ECOWAS to deploy troops along the borders of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia, and demands that Liberia and others stop arming the rebels who are destabilizing those borders. (Associated Press)

Liberian Government Reaction To UN Diamond Report (December 21, 2000)

Monrovia responds to accusations of involvement in the Sierra Leone war, and denounces the Security Council's sanctions proposal. (

Sierra Leone Report Blocked in Security Council (December 20, 2000)

The Ukraine, apparently dismayed about the mention of Ukrainian nationals in the Sierra Leone diamond report, is delaying the report's formal consideration by the Security Council. This means no sanctions against Liberia, for now. (Inter Press Service)

UN Confirms Liberia's Role in Smuggling of Diamonds (December 20, 2000)

A UN report on conflict diamonds presents "unequivocal and overwhelming evidence that Liberia has been actively supporting the RUF at all levels," and recommends that the Security Council impose a diamond embargo on Liberia. (New York Times)

UN Puzzled by Rebel Stance on Sierra Leone Peacekeeping (December 15, 2000)

More mixed messages in Sierra Leone. UNAMSIL says that its recent conversations with the RUF contradict the rebel group's list of new demands. But a diplomatic source says that nonetheless, UNAMSIL is being careful. (Reuters)

RUF Slams New Agreement (December 14, 2000)

The RUF say that they will not adhere to November's ceasefire agreement unless new demands are met, including the release of Foday Sankoh. Yet again, UNAMSIL will be kept from moving into rebel territory. Meanwhile, RUF raids continue in neighbouring Guinea. (The Perspective)

A Separate Peacekeeping (December 10, 2000)

The Washington Post takes a look at the differences of opinion between the UK and UN forces in Sierra Leone. UNAMSIL is looking for a negotiated settlement in Sierra Leone, but the UK thinks that the civil war will only end through the military defeat or unconditional disarmament of the RUF.

Annan Assesses Sierra Leone's UN Force (December 4, 2000)

The Secretary General, in Sierra Leone, says that the UN will do everything it can to bring peace to the troubled country. At the same time, Human Rights Watch reports that the RUF's terror campaign has spread to Guinea. (Associated Press)

Burkina Faso Co-Operates on Arms (December 3, 2000)

Accused of breaking the arms embargo against rebels in Sierra Leone and Angola by trading arms for diamonds, Burkina Faso says that it will allow a UN-supervised institution to monitor its arms imports. (BBC)

Sierra Leone Rebels Say Committed to Peace (December 2, 2000)

UNAMSIL peacekeepers have met with the RUF. But while the rebels reiterated their commitment to let UN troops into RUF-held territory, a suspicious UNAMSIL demanded "concrete signs of compliance with the ceasefire agreement." (Reuters)

UN Stalling Two Weeks After Sierra Leone Ceasefire (November 25, 2000)

Though a ceasefire is in place, UN peacekeepers are standing still. This is because UNAMSIL, unwilling to see its troops captured again, is wary about moving into rebel-held areas without being sure of their safety. (Agence France Presse)

Sierra Leone Alarmed Over Peacekeepers' Exit (November 21, 2000)

Even if UNAMSIL troop numbers are maintained, the upcoming withdrawal of Indian and Jordanian peacekeepers from Sierra Leone is anything but encouraging for an already devastated country. (New York Times)

UK Defends Military Tactics (November 16, 2000)

UNAMSIL's commander says that the UK's recent show of military strength was too aggressive, and that if Britain really wants to help Sierra Leone, they should join UNAMSIL. The British think differently. (BBC)

Security Council Welcomes Ceasefire Between Sierra Leone and RUF Rebels (November 14, 2000)

With "guarded optimism", the Security Council looks to the ceasefire as "the first step" on the path back to a peace process. UNAMSIL will supervise the ceasefire, and report any violations to the UN, ECOWAS and the Sierra Leone government. (UN News)

RUF Rebels Jubilate Over Outcome of Abuja Talks (November 14, 2000)

Sierra Leone's Concord Times reports that RUF fighters enthusiastically welcomed the recently signed ceasefire, an indication that the rebels have interpreted the ceasefire as a chance to consolidate their positions, which they had feared would come under attack by the government and UNAMSIL.

Britain Doubles Sierra Leone Force, Freetown Cautious Over Ceasefire (November 13, 2000)

RUF-government talks result in a ceasefire, and the RUF promises to demobilize, but will it happen? Meanwhile, five hundred more UK troops arrive in Sierra Leone to "back up" UN peacekeepers. (Guardian)

Sierra Leone Peace Talks Resume (November 9, 2000)

UN and ECOWAS representatives are attending the RUF/government talks in Nigeria. These are the first high-level talks since fighting resumed, and with their main patron, Charles Taylor of Liberia, feeling isolated, the rebels may be prepared to make concessions. (BBC)

Britain Plans Troop Positioning (October 30, 2000)

The UK announces an increase in British troops in Sierra Leone. Meanwhile, RUF forces fight in growing numbers in neighboring Guinea. (IRIN)

In New Blow to UN Force, Jordanian Peacekeepers to Quit Sierra Leone (October 25, 2000)

Just when things were looking up for UNAMSIL, Jordan announces that their contingent of peacekeepers will leave by the end of the year. (Agence France Presse)

Liberian President Urges UN to Move into Rebel-Held Areas in Sierra Leone (October 17, 2000)

The Council reacted skeptically to Charles Taylor's proposal for peacekeepers to be stationed in diamond-producing areas. The UK Ambassador compared Taylor's suggestion to "the judgment of a poacher that if he becomes a gamekeeper rather than a poacher, he might do better." (New York Times)

Britain Builds up Sierra Leone Force (October 11, 2000)

An increase of troops in Sierra Leone will remain under British control, and not form part of the UN mission - Annan is trying to round up support to beef up UNAMSIL. (Guardian, UK)

SC Delegation Heads for Sierra Leone (October 9, 2000)

The 11 member delegation will visit Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, Nigeria and Liberia for meetings with top officials. They will also meet with ECOWAS. (UN News)

Diamond Exports to Resume Next Week: Sierra Leone Minister (October 4, 2000)

Exports of diamonds from Sierra Leone could resume next week following the introduction of certificates guaranteeing the origin of the gems. (Agence France-Presse)

SC Mission to Visit Sierra Leone in October (September 25, 2000)

The mission visiting 7-14 October, will be "considering the regional dimensions" of the crisis as well as assessing the need for creating a special court for Sierra Leone.

Indian Troops to Leave Sierra Leone (September 21, 2000)

Quite a blow for the future of UNAMSIL - India presents the " the decision as a routine rotation". Jordan is also getting cold feet, indicating that it may withdraw too unless a NATO state joins in. (BBC Online)

UN Council Extends Sierra Leone Troops (September 20, 2000)

The mandate of the largest PKO (13,000 troops) has been extended until 31 December 2000. As usual, the US "has reservations". (Reuters)

Nightmares of Nigeria's "Peacekeeping" Unfold (September 11, 2000)

This in depth perspective of the peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone analyzes Nigerian involvement in Africa in the light of the alleged accusations against Nigerian troops in UNAMSIL. (The Perspective (Smyrna, Georgia))

Annan Meets With West Africans Over Sierra Leone Crisis (September 12, 2000)

Mr. Annan sought help from ECOWAS in defusing tensions between two of their members, Guinea and Liberia. Instability and conclict are arising with refugees fleeing into these states from Sierra Leone. (New York Times)

Army 'Trained Sierra Leone Criminal' (September 10, 2000)

Is the UK training Sierra Leonean rebels? In one case it seems so. Officials have stated "With regards to this individual, obviously we didn't know about her, we have now got the information and will deal with it appropriately." (BBC News)

Nigeria: Sack UN force Commander (September 10, 2000)

The Nigerian military has demanded the dismissal of the Indian commander of UN forces after his alleged allegations against Nigerian UN officers. (BBC News)

Internal Disputes Mar UN Mission (September 10, 2000)

Nigerian officers have been alleged by Maj. Gen. Vijay K. Jetley, the Indian commander of the 13,000 strong UNAMSIL force, to be undermining the Mission in Sierra Leone. He also claims that the officers had secret contacts with the main Sierra Leone rebel group, the Revolutionary United Front. (Washington Post)

Largest UN Force but Still No Peace (September 7, 2000)

Despite 13, 000 troops, the UNAMSIL force in Sierra Leone may be increased as peace is still absent. Tension is caused by the fact that the British are not part of the UN force and don't want to be. Some UN officials resent the fact that Britain is running a separate operation. (BBC World News)

May - August 2000

Netherlands Wants Facts From Taylor (August 30, 2000)

A UN Dutch delegation, on a visit to Liberia, is trying to shed some light on President Taylor's shady business in Sierra Leone. Acknowledging his ties to the RUF, he stopped short, however, of making known his level of influence on the rebels. (News (Monrovia))

Annan Recommends Extending, Reinforcing UN Mission in Sierra Leone (August 28, 2000)

Trying to capitalize on the UN's recent success in Sierra Leone, Secretary General Kofi Annan has suggested "a boost in the UN operation's capacity." This will include extending of the mandate for six months as well as increasing the military presence to 20, 500. (UN News)

Sierra Leone Diamond Certification Wins UN Approval (August 9, 2000)

A certification program, where certificates of origin would be numbered on forgery-proof security paper, was approved by the Security Council committee monitoring sanctions in the hope of bringing legitimate money in to the Sierra Leonean government. A matching numbered label on the sealed parcel of rough diamonds, with a warning that any tampering is a violation of the Security Council resolution, must also be returned by the recipient. (Associated Press)

G.I.'s to Be Sent to Train Africans for Sierra Leone (August 9, 2000)

An about change by the US, after an "angry exchange" with the UK government and even criticism from Congress. Previously trying to charge exorbitant rates for the use of Pentagon aircraft for the peacekeeping mission, the US has now decided to train and equip Nigerian battalions to be dispatched to Sierra Leone. (New York Times)

White House Backs Request by Annan (August 5, 2000)

The Clinton administration has begun consultations with the US Congress on beefing up the mission in Sierra Leone. Yet many UN officials remain skeptical of how the US Ambassador to the UN can cajole the notoriously reluctant US Congress to move along with this plan. (Washington Post )

Sierra Leone: UN Will Respond to Attacks (August 4, 2000)

The UN Security Council sends a warning to the rebels in Sierra Leone. The newly adopted resolution calls on the UN peacekeepers to respond "robustly" to any hostile actions or threat of force in Sierra Leone. (United Press International)

UN Chief Calls Sierra Leone 'Dangerous and Volatile' (August 2, 2000)

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan publicly expresses his concern over the peacekeeping situation in Sierra Leone. He paints a grim picture of the present state of the country but is in favor of beefing up the UN mission in Sierra Leone. (Associated Press)

UN Tries to Go to Root of Conflict in Sierra Leone (August 1, 2000)

The UN Security Council Sanction Committee's public hearing on the Sierra Leonean diamond trade is a first step. Further questions regarding the transaction of arms and diamonds need to be asked to get at the heart of the matter.(Xinhua News Agency)

Two African Nations Said to Break UN Diamond Embargo (August 1, 2000)

"Taylor is Milosevic in Africa with diamonds," says the US Ambassador to the UN. At the UN Security Council hearing on "conflict diamonds," the US and the UK named and shamed Liberia and Burkina Faso's leaders for profiting from the "conflict diamonds" in Sierra Leone. (New York Times)

Liberia Denies Diamond Trafficking in Sierra Leone (August 1, 2000)

Although denying the Liberian government's involvement with "conflict diamonds," the Liberian Foreign Minister admitted that "small poor countries just do not have the capacity to tackle the complex syndicates of illegal [diamond] trade on their own." (Agence France Presse)

US Warns Liberian Leader Not to Aid Sierra Leone Rebels (July 30, 2000)

Overwhelming evidence links Liberian President Charles Taylor with the Sierra Leonean rebels, says the US undersecretary of state. The US threatened the possibility of a bilateral and UN sanctions against Liberia if Taylor does not clean up his act. (Washington Post)

US Urges War Crimes Court for Sierra Leone (July 28, 2000)

In a draft resolution offered by Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke, the US asked the Security Council to establish a special court to try Sierra Leonean rebel leader Foday Sankoh and others accused of atrocities. (Washington Post)

'UN Mandate Change in Sierra Leone Not Needed' (July 26, 2000)

General Jetley, the UN peacekeeping force commander in Sierra Leone, believes it is sufficient to act under the auspices of the current mandate. Rather than adding muscle, it is more important to add to the numbers of peacekeepers, says Jetely. (Asia Intelligence Wire / The Hindu )

EU Proposes Ban on Sierra Leone 'Conflict Diamonds' (July 26, 2000)

Following the UN and the World Diamond Congress, the European Union seeks to join the united front against "conflict diamonds." (CNN/ Reuters)

Britain Calls for Robust UN Mandate in Sierra Leone (July 25, 2000)

"Decisiveness" of UN peacekeepers is a key point in the draft resolution presented by the UK. Yet sending 3,000 additional peacekeepers will be conditional until the UN can present a clear and justified purpose.(Reuters)

UN Hearing Set on Illicit Diamonds from Sierra Leone (July 25, 2000)

Ambassador Chowdhury of Bangladesh, the chairman of the UN Sierra Leone sanctions committee, has called for a public hearing on "conflict diamonds." (Xinhua News Agency)

Annan Justifies UN's "Preemptive Strike" Against Sierra Leone Militia (July 25, 2000)

The UN Secretary General gets tough on the Sierra Leonean rebels as he warned that rebels plotting attacks on the UN peacekeepers would have to pay the price.( Agence France Presse)

UN Attack Prompts Peace Call from Rebel Leader (July 19, 2000)

Has the UN rescue mission in Sierra Leone bent the will of the rebels? The deputy leader of the rebels offered talks for peace. Yet the UN is cautious as the order most likely came from Liberian President Charles Taylor, the mastermind behind the rebels. (Independent)

UN Praises Sierra Leone Rescue (July 18, 2000)

There are still massive amounts to do in Sierra Leone, yet the rescue mission showed that "the UN is learning how to change, and is getting the right support for what it wants to do." (Associated Press)

Liberia; "I'll Keep Them Busy in Sierra Leone" Says Charles Taylor(July 5, 2000)

"War in Sierra Leone is war in Liberia." Liberian President Charles Taylor insists on adopting the Liberian solution, that is Foday Sankoh for president, to end the war in Sierra Leone. (The Perspective / Africa News )

Briefing By US Envoy to the UN Richard Holbrooke on Africa (June 30, 2000)

At a briefing with African journalists, the US Ambassador to the UN explained that Africa is a top priority for the US government. He denied the US's alleged "double" standard towards Africa, but admitted that the US is "partly to blame" for the difficulties in UN peacekeeping. (UN Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN)/ Africa News )

Sierra Leone: Human Rights Watch Letter to UN Security Council (June 20, 2000)

This letter recommends the necessity for a stronger UN peacekeeping mandate, diamond embargo, and an UN-ordered inquiry to investigate the link between diamonds and weapons trade in Sierra Leone. (Human Rights Watch)

Demoralized Sierra Leone Peacekeepers 'Not Being Paid' (June 18, 2000)

The Ottawa Citizen reports that peacekeeping troops in Sierra Leone are surrendering their weapons with little or no resistance due to the lack of peacekeeping funds. ''It is not exactly a motivating force if troops whose lives may be in danger are not being paid,'' reported a UN official.(The Ottawa Citizen)

Liberia Reportedly Arming Guerrillas (June 18, 2000)

This Washington Post article explains some of the regional history behind the current Sierra Leone conflict, including the importance of personal connections between the RUF and the presidents of Liberia and Burkina Faso.

Sierra Leone Seeks Aid on Tribunal (June 15, 2000)

Granted amnesty by the Lomé accord, Sierra Leonean rebel leader Foday Sankoh continued his acts of atrocity. It is now possible that he will face persecution as the Sierra Leonean President asked the United Nations to help establish a war crimes tribunal to try Sankoh and his followers. (Washington Post)

Sierra Leone IDP Update: Large Scale Movements Underway (June 12, 2000)

In order to stop the atrocities committed by the Revolutionary United Front rebels in Sierra Leone, Human Rights Watch called on the UN Security Council to include protection of civilians in the UNAMSIL mandate and the establishment of a criminal tribunal to investigate and punish the rebels. (Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)

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