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Archived Articles India and Pakistan


India and Pakistan

Key Documents

Articles from:
2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999

Key Documents


Security Council resolution 47 (1948) of 21 April 1948

Security Council resolution 91 (1951) of 30 March 1951

Security Council resolution 209 (1965) of 6 September 1965




India Must Hold Talks on Kashmir: Austria Stresses UN, EU Influence (November 28, 2002)

Austria urges the UN to get involved in the Kashmir issue and argues that India "must accept the UN role" in a resolution to the conflict. (Dawn)

Using Ethnic Hatred to Meet Political Ends (July 7, 2002)

India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party draws its power from an established cycle of anti-Islamic sentiment. The BJP stokes ethnic tensions to muster domestic support for the Kashmir conflict. It then paints the Kashmir conflict in religious overtones to strengthen its domestic position. (Philadelphia Inquirer)

Have We Learnt Nothing from Rwanda? (June 9, 2002)

The UN Security Council has decided not to act over the Kashmir conflict thus risking a genocidal escalation of the conflict. The US often lacks the ability to influence even close allies, such as Israel. The international community should not rely on the US to bilaterally prevent escalation. (The Observer)

Q&A: Kashmir Peacekeeping Options (June 07, 2002)

With tensions between India and Pakistan growing, Britain and the US have offered to send troops to monitor the Line of Control in Kashmir. The US hopes to persuade India that acceptance of international peacekeepers would foster international support for India's interests in Kashmir. (BBC)

Britain Has Armed Both Sides (May 28, 2002)

India and Pakistan have both bought weapons from Britain for billions of pounds in the last two years. "It seems somewhat farcical to dispatch the Foreign Secretary to the Asian subcontinent to promote peace while continuing to arm the region with UK defense exports," says a campaigner against arms trade. (Times on Line)

Islamabad, Delhi Told to Work for Peace: Annan Urges De-Escalation (January 24, 2002)

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan calls for bilateral negotiations to ease tensions between India and Pakistan. Mr. Annan is talking to both countries and to others about the need to defuse border tensions. (Dawn)

UN Rejects Pakistan's Request to Intervene (January 10, 2002)

The Security Council declined to act to defuse Indo-Pakistani tensions, stating that it was bilateral issue to be resolved between the two countries. The council also requested that Pakistan crack down on terrorist groups operating in Kashmir. (Times of India)

UN Urged to Help Defuse Tension (January 8, 2002)

Pakistan's ambassador to the United Nations, Shamshad Ahmed Khan, called upon the UN Security Council to take immediate action to defuse tensions between India and Pakistan. He furthermore stated that Pakistan would be willing to accept any prescribed recourse under Chapter VI of the UN Charter for the pacific settlement of disputes. (Dawn)

World Body Urged to Hold Plebiscite (January 5, 2002)

Commemorating the "right to self-determination day", the people of Kashmir held rallies and demonstrations calling for the Security Council to hold a plebiscite on Kashmir's future status, as promised by a 1949 resolution. (Dawn)

Musharraf Turns off ISI Tap in Kashmir (January 2, 2002)

Under US and Indian diplomatic pressure, Musharraf has cut off support for Pakistan-based militant groups operating in Kashmir. This significant reorientation of Pakistan's Kashmir policy could bring about a new phase of negotiations, and decrease the likelihood of a wider conflict between the two nations. (Times of India)


Annan Writes To Vajpayee, Musharraf For Peace (December 27, 2001)

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan urges India and Pakistan to avoid actions that would "escalate tensions" between them. (Times of India)

Nuclear-Armed India, Pakistan Prepare for War (December 26, 2001)

India and Pakistan continue moving troops to the disputed border in Kashmir as the two nuclear-armed nations prepared for a war both say they do not want. (Associated Press)

Implementation of UN Resolutions Urged (November 29, 2001)

A conference of political parties from Azad Jammu and Kashmir are urging the coalition against terrorism to force India to implement UN resolutions on Kashmir. (Dawn)

No Question of Handing Over Kashmir To Pak: PM (November 27, 2001)

Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee refutes Pakistani claims that relations with India can improve if Kashmir becomes part of Pakistan. (Outlook India)

Regional Rivalries Activated' in Kashmir (November 2, 2001)

Nuclear rivals India and Pakistan are mobilizing additional troops into the disputed border in northern Jammu and Kashmir state thereby threatening the normally fragile peace between the adversaries. (Jane's)

India Warns of Kashmir War (November 1, 2001)

India will invade and occupy parts of Kashmir if Pakistan does not stop arming, training and funding guerrillas in the region, says Lieutenant-General RK Nanavatty, chief of the Indian army's northern command. (Guardian)

Angry India Rebukes UN Military Observer For Blunt Remarks on Kashmir (October 30, 2001)

India has re-affirmed the provisions of the Shimla Accord which do not allow external mediators in regional disputes following UN comments on the "political games" being played in New Delhi and Islamabad. (Agence France Presse)

Islamabad's Distraction Threatens US Forces (October 24, 2001)

Tensions continue to escalate along the "Line of Conflict" separating Indian- and Pakistani-controlled sections of Kashmir, despite strong words of caution from US Secretary of State Colin Powell. (Stratfor)

Muslim Militants Raid Kashmir Airbase, India Warns of Action (October 22, 2001)

India accuses Pakistan of arming and training militants, a charge Islamabad denies but openly offers moral and diplomatic support to what it describes as the Kashmiris' just struggle for self-expression. (Agence France Press)

India Says Pakistani Troops Fire in Kashmir (October 18, 2001)

Tension between India and Pakistan has been rising over the explosive dispute of Kashmir, despite a trip to the region by Secretary of State Colin Powell which was partly aimed at calming tempers. (New York Times)

India: Pakistan Might Use Nuclear Weapons in Case of Heightened Conventional War (October 11, 2000)

As the tensions between India and Pakistan grow, the Indian Minister for External Affairs criticizes the Pakistani government for not having declared that it will not use nuclear weapons. Terrorists or not, the problem of Kashmir also remains high on the Indian agenda. (New Delhi Economic Times)

US Is Watching India, Pakistan (October 9, 2001)

Following a terrorist attack in India-ruled Kashmir, the mounting tension between Indian and Pakistan --two nuclear-armed rivals-- is prompting security concerns for the US government. (Washington Post)

Waving of Sanctions is Not Enough (October 8, 2001)

Pakistan was one of the most sanctions-inflicted countries until September 23, 2001. At present, it is gearing itself for credit and loans which will only exacerbate the debt burden and increase poverty. The root cause of terrorism lies in economic factors which sanctions only aggravate. (Business Recorder)

India Says US End to Sanctions on Pakistan Sends "Wrong Signals" (September 30, 2001)

The US sanctions imposed on Pakistan and India after the two "conducted tit-for-tat nuclear blasts in 1998," are being lifted in line with US strategic interests following the terrorist attacks. However, India believes that Pakistan risks angering Islamic hard-liners by supporting the United States. (AFP)

Kashmir Hope in US Stand (September 26, 2001)

India is warning US officials not to distinguish between "al-Qaida and other terrorist groups that might have links with Bin Laden," such as those groups operating out of Kashmir. With the revival of USA's ties with Pakistan, India fears that its fight against Pakistan-backed terrorism will be ignored. (The Statesmen)

Agra Summit: Paving the Way to Peace? (July 19, 2001)

Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee both understand that a peaceful resolution to the Kashmir dispute is in their national interests. However, even if they wanted to, neither can offer substantial concessions to the other side. (Daily Star News)

Let India and Pakistan Make a New Beginning (July 14, 2001)

Although the Kashmir crisis is a complex regional dispute spanning more than fifty years, this editorial argues that India and Pakistan must put their turbulent past behind them if they want to resolve the ongoing dispute. (Gulf News)

India and Pakistan Aiming for Peace (July 9, 2001)

It will take more than the kind words between Pakistani leader Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee to bring about peace in the disputed Kashmir region. The Independent-Bangladesh suggests forging stronger economic links and increasing the ease of cross-border travel between the two countries.

India-Pakistan Summit is Better Than Not Talking (May 31, 2001)

It is unlikely that the upcoming India-Pakistan summit on Kashmir will lead to any substantive agreements, but the talks are nonetheless necessary to satiate domestic opposition in both nations. (Far Eastern Economic Review)

Need to Succeed in Kashmir Talks (May 29, 2001)

The United Nations' role "is to be supportive" of the new talks over Kashmir, but analysts are skeptical as to whether India and Pakistan are willing to negotiate seriously. (Bangkok Post)



Pledges on Kashmir to be Fulfilled: Sattar (October 24, 2000)

Pakistan's foreign minister declares the readiness of Pakistan to meet the terms of Security Council resolutions pertaining to Kashmir. (Karachi Dawn)

Kashmir Dispute: Islamabad Demands Proactive UN Role (October 20, 2000)

Pledging the right of self-determination to the people of Kashmir, Pakistan calls for the Council to increase attention to and work for a resolution to the conflict. (Karachi Dawn)

A Nuclear War Feared Possible Over Kashmir (August 8, 2000)

Although the US President's visit to the region has eased some tension, India and Pakistan are not ready to put down their nuclear guns. The renewed clashes over Kashmir further worries analysts.(New York Times)

Attacks on Kashmir Civilians Spoil Cease-Fire Goodwill (August 3, 2000)

The attacks on Kashmir civilians were most likely orchestrated by militants opposed to the recent historic cease-fire deal over Kashmir. (Christian Science Monitor)

At Least 84 Dead in Kashmir Attacks (August 2, 2000)

Both the Indian and Pakistani governments have blamed each other for the resumption of hostilities in the disputed region of Kashmir. (Associated Press)

A Leap Forward in India's Space Program (March 23, 2000)

An Indian news paper (The Times of India News Service) glamorizes the advances being made in the space race against the Pakistanis.

Clinton: Pakistan Government Propagating Violence in Kashmir (March 2000)

US President Bill Clinton has decided to wipe his hands clean of an effort by Pakistani groups to let the population of Jammu and Kashmir vote on the territory's nationality, saying it is no business of the US and he does not support it.

Clinton Suggests Involving US in Resolving Kashmir Dispute, Kinda (March 22, 2000)

Only India and Pakistan can create the conditions for peace, the US president said. Other countries can only help maintain a border both can agree on. (Hindustan Times)

Indian Security Forces Kill Six Islamic Militants (March 14, 2000)

There has been no peace in the Kashmir region as relations between the two countries are as sour as ever - This article examines one recent skirmish. (Associated Press)




No Nonproliferation Without Nuclear Reduction (August 23, 1999)

Whereas India has officially published its nuclear strategy, "the US position is that the US is entitled to possess and continually improve nuclear forces beyond all rational connection to existing or foreseeable threats. But others should not have them at all." (International Herald Tribune)

Pakistan, India Clash at UN Arms Forum (August 23, 1999)

Pakistani Ambassador Munir Akram warned that India's "dangerous escalation" in both weapons categories would lead Islamabad to boost its own "reliance on nuclear capabilities." (Associated Press)

India Urges Restraint From Pakistan (August 13, 1999)

Tensions rose between India and Pakistan showing similar restraint in the latest confrontation between the nuclear-armed rivals.(Associated Press)

Pakistan Attacks Indian Aircraft In Border Region (August 12, 1999)

"Pakistan fired at a group of Indian military jets and helicopters flying near the crash site of a Pakistani naval reconnaissance plane that was shot down by India, killing all 16 people aboard." (Washington Post)

Propaganda War Over Plane Attack (August 10, 1999)

A BBC Online article on Pakistan's top political and military leadership are meeting in Islamabad to discuss their next move after one of their military aircraft was shot down by Indian forces.




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